Phoenix reclinata Jacq.

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Phoenix reclinata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls NP

Phoenix reclinata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls NP

Phoenix reclinata

Photo: Bryan Orford
Approx. 750 metres downstream of Maleme dam, Matobo National Park

Phoenix reclinata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mutirikwi Bridge near Triangle.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Chinzu (Shona) Isundu (Ndebele) Kanjedza (Shona) Muchindwe (Shona) Muchingwi (Shona) Wild date palm (English)
Status: Native
Palm tree, often multi-stemmed. Stems erect or reclining. Leaves feather-shaped, 3 to 4 m, arching, crowded on top of the stems. The lowermost leaflets reduced to spines. Flowers in large sprays, male and female flowers on separate trees. Fruits oval, up to 1.5 cm, orange when ripe, edible and sweet tasting.
Notes: Mostly at middle and lower altitudes. It also occurs around Harare, where it appears to be an escape from gardens.
Derivation of specific name: reclinata: reclining, bent over
Habitat: Forming clumps in open grassland and along riverbanks.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: From Egypt to South Africa and Swaziland
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 9 June 2010

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 36 - 37. (Includes a picture).

Dransfield, J. (2010). Arecaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(2) Pages 49 - 52. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 231.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 202. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 19 - 20. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 114.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 46.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 180.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 106 - 107. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Phoenix reclinata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Phoenix reclinata
Flora of Caprivi: Phoenix reclinata
Flora of Malawi: Phoenix reclinata
Flora of Mozambique: Phoenix reclinata
Flora of Zambia: Phoenix reclinata
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Phoenix reclinata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Phoenix reclinata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Phoenix reclinata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phoenix reclinata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Phoenix reclinata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Phoenix reclinata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Phoenix reclinata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phoenix reclinata
Ispot Southern Africa : Phoenix reclinata
JSTOR Plant Science: Phoenix reclinata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Phoenix reclinata
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Phoenix reclinata
Tropicos: Phoenix reclinata
West African Plants database: Phoenix reclinata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Phoenix reclinata., retrieved 23 October 2016

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