Phoenix reclinata Jacq.

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (31)

Phoenix reclinata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls NP

Phoenix reclinata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Victoria Falls NP

Phoenix reclinata

Photo: Bryan Orford
Approx. 750 metres downstream of Maleme dam, Matobo National Park

Phoenix reclinata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mutirikwi Bridge near Triangle.

Records: Display species records Map species using Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Chinzu (Shona) Isundu (Ndebele) Kanjedza (Shona) Muchindwe (Shona) Muchingwi (Shona) Wild date palm (English)
Description: Palm tree, often multi-stemmed. Stems erect or reclining. Leaves feather-shaped, 3 to 4 m, arching, crowded on top of the stems. The lowermost leaflets reduced to spines. Flowers in large sprays, male and female flowers on separate trees. Fruits oval, up to 1.5 cm, orange when ripe, edible and sweet tasting.
Notes: Mostly at middle and lower altitudes. It also occurs around Harare, where it appears to be an escape from gardens.
Derivation of specific name: reclinata: reclining, bent over
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: From Egypt to South Africa and Eswatini
Growth form(s): Tree.
Insects associated with this species: Zophopetes dysmephyla (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Image last updated: Wednesday 9 June 2010

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 49. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 43.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 97 - 98.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 36 - 37. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 120.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 19.

Dransfield, J. (2010). Arecaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(2) Pages 49 - 52. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 231.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 202. (Includes a picture).

Mannheimer, C. & Curtis B. (2009). Le Roux and Müller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia Macmillan Education, Windhoek, Namibia. Pages 4 - 5. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 85.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 19 - 20. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 114.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 24.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 46.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 180.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 71.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 12. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 106 - 107. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 81.

Other sources of information about Phoenix reclinata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Phoenix reclinata
Flora of Caprivi: Phoenix reclinata
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Phoenix reclinata
Flora of Malawi: Phoenix reclinata
Flora of Mozambique: Phoenix reclinata
Flora of Zambia: Phoenix reclinata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Phoenix reclinata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Phoenix reclinata
African Plant Database: Phoenix reclinata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Phoenix reclinata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phoenix reclinata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Phoenix reclinata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Phoenix reclinata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phoenix reclinata
JSTOR Plant Science: Phoenix reclinata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Phoenix reclinata
Plants of the World Online: Phoenix reclinata
Tropicos: Phoenix reclinata
Wikipedia: Phoenix reclinata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated Plants: Species information: Phoenix reclinata., retrieved 20 May 2024

Site software last modified: 26 March 2018 2:06pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use