Spermatophyta: Monocotyledonae: Arecales

Arecaceae - Palm family


Dransfield, J. (1986) Palmae Flora of Tropical East Africa

Description of the family

Trees or shrubs. Leaves alternate, usually very large and in terminal rosettes, with a sheathing base; petiole or rhachis often prickly; lamina pinnate or costapalmate. Plants dioecious (in ours). Inflorescences axillary, simple to paniculate. Flowers usually small, unisexual or bisexual. Calyx and corolla usually in whorls of 3. Fruit usually a drupe; seed usually 1.

Worldwide: 201 genera and 2,650 species, tropical (but few in Africa) and warm.

Zimbabwe: 29 cultivated genera and 48 cultivated taxa.

No image of a cultivated species but there is an image of a native or naturalised species

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Acoelorrhaphe H. Wendl.
Aiphanes Willd.
Archontophoenix H.A. Wendl.Description
Bismarckia Hildebr. & H. Wendl.
Borassus L.Description
Butia (Becc.) Becc.
Caryota L.Description
Chamaedorea Willd.Description
Chamaerops L.Description
Cocos L.Description
Dictyosperma H. Wendl. & Drude
Dypsis Mart.Description
Elaeis Jacq.Description
Howea Becc.
Hyophorbe Gaertn.Description
Latania Comm. ex Juss.
Livistona R. Br.Description
Lytocaryum ToledoDescription
Phoenix L.Description
Ptychosperma Labill.Description
Rhapis L.f. ex AitonDescription
Roystonea O.F. CookDescription
Sabal Adans.Description
Syagrus Mart.Description
Trachycarpus H.A. Wendl.
Veitchia H. Wendl.
Wallichia Roxb.
Washingtonia H.A. Wendl.Description
Wodyetia A.K. Irvine

Other sources of information about Arecaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Arecaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Arecaceae
Flora of Malawi: Arecaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Arecaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Arecaceae
Flora of Zambia: Arecaceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Arecaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Arecaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Arecaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Arecaceae
Wikipedia: Arecaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Arecaceae.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=20, retrieved 2 December 2022

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