Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker Gawl.

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Dracaena fragrans

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Forest, Vumba

Dracaena fragrans

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Forest, Vumba

Dracaena fragrans

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Dracaena fragrans

Photo: Bart Wursten
Camp site, Chirinda Forest

Dracaena fragrans

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Chirinda Forest camp site

Dracaena fragrans

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Chirinda Forest camp site

Dracaena fragrans

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Chirinda Forest camp site

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Aletris fragrans L.
Sansevieria fragrans (L.) Jacq.
Common names: Forest dracaena (English)
Frequency: Locally very common
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub-like plant with mostly herbaceous or soft-wooded unbranched stems, which may be erect or scrambling. Leaves leathery, crowded in terminal rosettes. Inflorescences a terminal panicle, whitish to purple.
Notes: - The flowers only open in the early evening.
- Swynnerton's Robin build their nests almost exclusively among the leaves of this species and the populations of this uncommon bird are closely linked to the forests where Dracaena fragrans is dominant, such as Chirinda Forest and the Vumba Mountains in Zimbabwe or Mt Gorongosa in Mozambique.
Derivation of specific name: fragrans: fragrant
Habitat: Understorey of montane forest, where it may form dense stands
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Dec
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Tropical Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 7 July 2012
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 232.

La Croix, I. (2010). Dracaenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(2) Pages 15 - 17.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 90.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 99.


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Other sources of information about Dracaena fragrans:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Dracaena fragrans
Flora of Mozambique: Dracaena fragrans
Flora of Zambia: Dracaena fragrans
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Dracaena fragrans

External websites:

African Plant Database: Dracaena fragrans
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Dracaena fragrans
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dracaena fragrans
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Dracaena fragrans
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Dracaena fragrans
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Dracaena fragrans
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dracaena fragrans
Ispot Southern Africa : Dracaena fragrans
JSTOR Plant Science: Dracaena fragrans
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Dracaena fragrans
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Dracaena fragrans
Tropicos: Dracaena fragrans
West African Plants database: Dracaena fragrans


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Dracaena fragrans.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=114620, retrieved 28 August 2016

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