Scadoxus pole-evansii (Oberm.) Friis & Nordal

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Scadoxus pole-evansii

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Nyanga, nr Mtarazi Falls

Scadoxus pole-evansii

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Nyanga, nr Mtarazi Falls

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Synonyms: Haemanthus pole-evansii Oberm.
Common names: Nyanga fireball (English) Pungwe lily (English)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Large perennial herb. Leaves several, in a basal rosette, suberect or arching, shiny bright green, developed at the time of flowering. Inflorescence a terminal, spherical head of orange to red flowers. Flowers with a longer perianth tube, larger segments and more prominent stamens than the closely related S. multiflorus.
Notes: It is a horticultural collectors item but the population numbers seem to be stable.
Derivation of specific name: pole-evansii: named after Reginald John Pole Evans, who sent a specimen to Pretoria, where it was formally described.
Habitat: In montane evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 1500 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Restricted to the eastern slopes of the Nyanga Mountains, the Pungwe and the forests above Mtarazi Falls.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 3 July 2006

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 127.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 85.

Obermeyer, A.A. (1963). A new Haemanthus and a new Tritonia from Southern Africa Kirkia 3 Pages 20 - 21. as Haemanthus pole-evansii

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 14, plate 32

Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2008). Amaryllidacae Flora Zambesiaca 13(1) Page 103.


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Other sources of information about Scadoxus pole-evansii:

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Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Scadoxus pole-evansii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Scadoxus pole-evansii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Scadoxus pole-evansii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Scadoxus pole-evansii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Scadoxus pole-evansii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Scadoxus pole-evansii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Scadoxus pole-evansii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Scadoxus pole-evansii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Scadoxus pole-evansii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Scadoxus pole-evansii
Ispot Southern Africa: Scadoxus pole-evansii
JSTOR Plant Science: Scadoxus pole-evansii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Scadoxus pole-evansii
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Scadoxus pole-evansii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Scadoxus pole-evansii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Scadoxus pole-evansii
Tropicos: Scadoxus pole-evansii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Scadoxus pole-evansii., retrieved 24 September 2017

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