Ficus craterostoma Mildbr. & Burret

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Ficus craterostoma

Photo: Bart Wursten
Entrance road Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Ficus craterostoma

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

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Synonyms: Ficus luteola De Wild.
Ficus pilusola De Wild.
Common names: Forest fig (English) Musvasvi (Shona) Mutsamvi (Shona) Rare forest fig (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Description:
Small to medium-sized tree, often growing as a lithophyte or strangler. Leaves spirally arranged or distichous, sometimes subopposite, 3−8 × 2−4.5 cm, hairless, dark green above, paler beneath, obtriangular to subobovate, the apex often markedly truncate or even slightly bi-lobed. Midrib not reaching the apex of the lamina. Petiole grooved along the top. Figs initially enveloped by a bud cover up to c. 10 mm. long; mature figs c. 15 mm in diameter, in pairs in leaf axils, sessile, warty with reddish spots.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: craterostoma: from cratero-, bowl-shaped and -stoma, opening or mouth (Gr); probably referring to the relatively large aperture or ostiole in the figs.
Habitat: Along the margins of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2100 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Sierra Leone to Uganda, Tanzania and South to Angola and South Africa as far as Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Alfonsiella michalaudi (Pollinated by this insect)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 7 April 2007
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234.


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Other sources of information about Ficus craterostoma:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Ficus craterostoma
Flora of Zambia: Ficus craterostoma

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ficus craterostoma
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus craterostoma
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus craterostoma
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus craterostoma
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Ficus craterostoma
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus craterostoma
Ispot Southern Africa : Ficus craterostoma
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus craterostoma
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus craterostoma
Tropicos: Ficus craterostoma
West African Plants database: Ficus craterostoma


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ficus craterostoma.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=120270, retrieved 27 May 2016

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