Ficus craterostoma Mildbr. & Burret

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (6)

Ficus craterostoma

Photo: Bart Wursten
Entrance road Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Ficus craterostoma

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ficus luteola De Wild.
Ficus pilusola De Wild.
Common names: Forest fig (English) Musvasvi (Shona) Mutsamvi (Shona) Rare forest fig (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Description:
Small to medium-sized tree, often growing as a lithophyte or strangler. Leaves spirally arranged or distichous, sometimes subopposite, 3−8 × 2−4.5 cm, hairless, dark green above, paler beneath, obtriangular to subobovate, the apex often markedly truncate or even slightly bi-lobed. Midrib not reaching the apex of the lamina. Petiole grooved along the top. Figs initially enveloped by a bud cover up to c. 10 mm. long; mature figs c. 15 mm in diameter, in pairs in leaf axils, sessile, warty with reddish spots.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: craterostoma: from cratero-, bowl-shaped and -stoma, opening or mouth (Gr); probably referring to the relatively large aperture or ostiole in the figs.
Habitat: Along the margins of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2100 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Sierra Leone to Uganda, Tanzania and South to Angola and South Africa as far as Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Alfonsiella michalaudi (Pollinated by this insect)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 7 April 2007
Literature:

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 64 - 66.

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 141.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234.


Comments

comments powered by Disqus

Other sources of information about Ficus craterostoma:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Ficus craterostoma
Flora of Zambia: Ficus craterostoma

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus craterostoma
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ficus craterostoma
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus craterostoma
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus craterostoma
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus craterostoma
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus craterostoma
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus craterostoma
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ficus craterostoma
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus craterostoma
Ispot Southern Africa: Ficus craterostoma
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus craterostoma
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus craterostoma
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus craterostoma
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ficus craterostoma
Tropicos: Ficus craterostoma


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ficus craterostoma.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=120270, retrieved 28 July 2017

Site software last modified: 28 December 2016 2:55pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use