1961.000 Ficus L. - Figs

Berg C.C. & Wiebes J.T. (1992) African fig trees and fig wasps. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Amsterdam

Berg, C.C. (1991) Moraceae FZ 9(6)

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003) Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, S Africa

Description of the genus

Monoecious or dioecious, trees, shrubs, lianes or epiphytes. Latex milky, rarely watery. Stipules fully or partly amplexicaul or lateral. Leaves almost always alternate, rarely subopposite or subwhorled; lamina with glandular spots in the axils of at least the basal lateral veins beneath or at the base of the midrib beneath. Figs solitary or in pairs, occurring in the leaf axils, or on short spurs on the lesser branches or on leafless branches on the older wood and trunk. Figs composed of an urceolate receptacle with an apical opening (ostiole), the flowers enclosed within. Male flowers: perianth segments 2-6; stamens 1-3. Female flowers: perianth segments 2-6(-7), stigmas 1 or 2. Fruits achene-like or more often ± drupaceous; at the fruiting stage the fig wall becomes ± fleshy.

Although most species start as epiphytes or lithophytes, trees can only mature when rooted into nutrient rich soil. Such soils occur in riverine alluvium, termite mounds, and crumbling buildings. Pollination is brought about by symbiotic wasps (Family Agaonidae). The wasps are species specific to their host trees. While figs are produced predominantly in the growing season (Sep-Mar) they may be found at any time of the year, a necessary condition in order to maintain the wasp populations. Individual fig trees bear figs either irregularly or at periods of more or less than twelve months.

Worldwide: c. 750 species in tropical and warm regions

Zimbabwe: 32 taxa.

Ficus abutilifolia

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesLinks to mapsFZ divisionsContent
abutilifolia (Miq.)Miq.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
bubu Warb.[CR]E
burkei (Miq.) Miq.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
bussei Mildbr. & BurretN,EDescription, Image
capreifolia DelileN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
chirindensis C.C. BergEDescription, Image
craterostoma Mildbr. & BurretEDescription, Image
exasperata Vahl[LR-nt]EDescription, Image
fischeri Mildbr. & Burret[CR]EDescription, Image
glumosa DelileN,W,C,SDescription, Image
ingens (Miq.) Miq.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
lutea VahlN,C,E,SDescription, Image
modesta F. WhiteE
natalensis Hochst. subsp. graniticola J.E. BurrowsN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
natalensis Hochst. subsp. natalensis EDescription, Image
nigropunctata Mildbr. & BurretN,W,CDescription, Image
ottoniifolia (Miq.) Miq. subsp. ulugurensis (Mildbr. & Burret) C.C. Berg[CR]E
petersii Warb.N,W
pygmaea Welw. ex HiernWDescription, Image
religiosa L.C
rokko Warb. & Schweinf.EDescription, Image
salicifolia VahlN,W,C,E,SDescription
sansibarica Warb. subsp. sansibarica N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
scassellatii Pamp. subsp. scassellatii [VU]EDescription, Image
stuhlmannii Warb.N,C,E,SDescription, Image
sur Forssk.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
sycomorus L.[Agg]N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
sycomorus L. subsp. gnaphalocarpa (Miq.) C.C. BergN,C,EDescription, Image
sycomorus L. subsp. sycomorus N,W,SDescription, Image
tettensis Hutch.N,W,C,SDescription, Image
vallis-choudae Delile[EN]EDescription, Image
verruculosa Warb.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Ficus:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Ficus
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus | cultivated Ficus
Flora of Zambia: Ficus | cultivated Ficus

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Ficus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Ficus.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=471, retrieved 22 October 2014

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