Ficus sur Forssk.

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Ficus sur

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

Ficus sur

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

Ficus sur

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamaropa Falls, Wattle Co Estate

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Synonyms: Ficus capensis Thunb.
Ficus mallotocarpa Warb.
Common names: Broom-cluster fig (English) Cape fig (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Large spreading tree. All parts exude a milky latex. Main stem may be buttressed in large forest specimens; bark pale grey, smooth. Leaves alternate, spiralled, ovate to elliptic, thinly leathery; margin crenate-dentate. The upper surface normally glabrous, the undersurface variously pubescent. Figs in large clusters, borne on leafless branchlets, growing from the main stem and older branches. Figs densely tomentose, bright green, turning orange to red when ripe.
Notes: The fruits are edible but often riddled with small insects. The latex is used to treat burns.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In open woodland, riverine and semi deciduous forest and on rocky hillsides.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2300 m
Flowering time:Sep - Mar
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Cyrestis camillus sublineata (Food plant)
Nephele accentifera (Food plant)
Ceratosolen capensis (Pollinated by this insect)
Asota speciosa (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 276 - 279. as Ficus capensis (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Ficus capensis

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 16 - 17. as Ficus capensis (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 88.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 4. as Ficus capensis (Includes a picture).


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Flora of Botswana: Ficus sur
Flora of Malawi: Ficus sur
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus sur
Flora of Zambia: Ficus sur

External websites:

African Plant Database: Ficus sur
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ficus sur
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus sur
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus sur
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus sur
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Ficus sur
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus sur
Ispot Southern Africa : Ficus sur
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus sur
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus sur
Tropicos: Ficus sur
West African Plants database: Ficus sur

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ficus sur., retrieved 30 May 2016

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