Ficus sycomorus L.
subsp. gnaphalocarpa (Miq.) C.C. Berg

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Ficus sycomorus subsp. gnaphalocarpa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Osborne Dam Recreational Park

Ficus sycomorus subsp. gnaphalocarpa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Osborne Dam Recreational Park

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Synonyms: Ficus gnaphalocarpa (Miq.) A. Rich.
Common names: Large-fruited sycamore fig (English) Mukuyu (Shona) Mukuyukono (Shona) Muonde (Shona) Musvunguzu (Shona) Mutsvita (Shona) Umkhiwa (Ndebele)
Status: Native
See subsp. sycomorus for general description. This subspecies differs considerably. It is a generally smaller tree without the thick, butressed trunk; fruits are borne singly in the axils of the leaves and are generally larger, up to c. 4.5 cm in diameter, ripening to orange-green. It also prefers a different habitat, generally being found in hilly woodland areas of higher rainfall and altitudes, usually away from rivers or floodplains.
Derivation of specific name: gnaphalocarpa: appears to refer to the fruits being like those of a Gnaphalium, a genus of herbs in Asteraceae. The reason, however is obscure.
Habitat: Generally being found in hilly woodland areas of higher rainfall and altitude than subsp. sycomorus
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:May - Oct
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal to Ethiopia, down to Namibia and the northern Cape and Limpopo, South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 18 June 2009


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Other sources of information about Ficus sycomorus subsp. gnaphalocarpa:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Ficus sycomorus subsp. gnaphalocarpa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus sycomorus
African Plant Database: Ficus sycomorus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ficus sycomorus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus sycomorus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus sycomorus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus sycomorus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus sycomorus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus sycomorus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ficus sycomorus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus sycomorus
Ispot Southern Africa: Ficus sycomorus
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus sycomorus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus sycomorus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus sycomorus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ficus sycomorus
Tropicos: Ficus sycomorus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ficus sycomorus subsp. gnaphalocarpa., retrieved 22 January 2017

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