Ficus exasperata Vahl

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Ficus exasperata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mpunga Community Forest Camp, Moribane Forest, Mozambique

Ficus exasperata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mpunga Community Forest Camp, Moribane Forest, Mozambique

Ficus exasperata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mpunga Community Forest Camp, Moribane Forest, Mozambique

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ficus scabra sensu Sim
Ficus silicea Sim
Common names: Forest sandpaper fig (English) Muparauta (Shona) Rufuba (Shona) Umfubu (Shona)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Small to medium-sized tree. Stem without aerial roots, sometimes buttressed in very large specimens; bark grey to whitish, smooth, with a watery, sometimes amber-coloured sap. Leaves alternate, stiff and leathery, ovate-elliptic, up to 14 × 7.5 cm, larger and broader in deeply shaded specimens, 3-veined from the base, mid-green above, paler and with conspicuous yellow veining below, very rough to the touch on both surfaces; margin finely and irregularly toothed to entire. Figs singly or in pairs, pedunculate on the wood of last year's bare branches, c. 23 mm in diameter, depressed spherical with the surface rough to the touch, orange-red when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: exasperata: rough, covered with short hard points
Habitat: In low-altitude evergreen forest and riverine forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 340 - 750 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal to Ethiopia and South to Angola, Malawi, Mozambique and South-eastern Zimbabwe. Extending East as far as India. A few records from north-eastern Zambia.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species: Kradibia gastroi afrum (Pollinated by this insect)
Cyrestis camillus sublineata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 18 June 2009
Literature:

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 47 - 48.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 123.


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Other sources of information about Ficus exasperata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ficus exasperata
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus exasperata
Flora of Zambia: Ficus exasperata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Ficus exasperata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ficus exasperata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus exasperata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus exasperata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus exasperata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Ficus exasperata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus exasperata
Ispot Southern Africa : Ficus exasperata
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus exasperata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus exasperata
Tropicos: Ficus exasperata
West African Plants database: Ficus exasperata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ficus exasperata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=120280, retrieved 26 July 2016

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