Myrianthus holstii Engl.

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Myrianthus holstii

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road within the Vumba Botanic Gardens

Myrianthus holstii

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road within the Vumba Botanic Gardens

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Denya (Shona) Guvu (Shona) Muteswa (Shona) Myrianthus (English)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Description:
Medium-sized deciduous tree. Some specimens may be growing on stilt-roots. A watery latex is present. Leaves large, digitately divided into 5-7 leaflets. Leaflets oblong-elliptic to oblanceolate, up to 35 cm, dark green and hairless above, pale grey-green below with conspicuous veining; margin finely toothed. Flowers unisexual on separate trees. Male inflorescences in staghorn-like, branched heads, covered in small greenish flowers with orange-brown stamens (see photos). Female inflorescences in round yellowish heads. Fruit spherical, up to 40 cm, consisting of separate segments, resembling a custard-apple or miniature pineapple, bright yellow when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: holstii: named after C.H.E.W. Holst (1865-1894), German horticulturalist and plant collector.
Habitat: In evergreen forest
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1700 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Eastern DRC, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 7 February 2009
Literature:

Berg, C.C. (1991). Cecropiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 77 - 78. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 125. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 5. as Myrianthus arboreus (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 65.


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Other sources of information about Myrianthus holstii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Myrianthus holstii
Flora of Mozambique: Myrianthus holstii

External websites:

African Plant Database: Myrianthus holstii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Myrianthus holstii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Myrianthus holstii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Myrianthus holstii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Myrianthus holstii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Myrianthus holstii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Myrianthus holstii
Ispot Southern Africa : Myrianthus holstii
JSTOR Plant Science: Myrianthus holstii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Myrianthus holstii
Tropicos: Myrianthus holstii
West African Plants database: Myrianthus holstii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Myrianthus holstii.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=120460, retrieved 25 July 2016

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