Ximenia americana L.
var. microphylla Welw. ex Oliv.

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Ximenia americana var. microphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kariba

Ximenia americana var. microphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kariba

Ximenia americana var. microphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kariba

Ximenia americana var. microphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kariba

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ximenia rogersii Burtt Davy
Common names: Blue sourplum (English) Iholotshane (Ndebele) Mutengeninyatwa (Shona) Mutsanzavabere (Shona) Umswanja (Ndebele)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Small or large shrub or small tree with spine-tipped branchlets. Leaves in the axils of straight spines or in fascicles on small lateral spurs, oblong, 2-3 cm long, bluish or grey-green, hairless, distinctly folded upwards along the midrib. Flowers clustered in the axils of the spines, small, greenish-white with a white "beard" in the throat. Fruit ellipsoid, c. 2.5 cm long, yellow to red when ripe. The fruit is edible but very sour.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: americana: of America, where it was first collected;
microphylla: with very small leaves (compared to var. americana)
Habitat: In dry acacia woodland, wooded grassland and scrub.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Pantropical
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Stugeta bowkeri tearei (Food plant)
Axiocerses amanga amanga (Food plant)
Hypolycaena philippus philippus (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 12 April 2007
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 235. As Ximenia americana

Garcia, J.G. (1963). Olacaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 329 - 330. As Ximenia americana (Includes a picture).

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 86. as Ximenia americana (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 90.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 7.


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Other sources of information about Ximenia americana var. microphylla:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ximenia americana var. microphylla
Flora of Mozambique: Ximenia americana var. microphylla
Flora of Zambia: Ximenia americana var. microphylla

External websites:

African Plant Database: Ximenia americana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ximenia americana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ximenia americana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ximenia americana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ximenia americana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Ximenia americana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ximenia americana
Ispot Southern Africa : Ximenia americana
JSTOR Plant Science: Ximenia americana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ximenia americana
Tropicos: Ximenia americana
West African Plants database: Ximenia americana


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ximenia americana var. microphylla.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=121580, retrieved 6 December 2016

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