Burkea africana Hook.

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Burkea africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gardiner, Arcturus

Burkea africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gardiner, Arcturus

Burkea africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gardiner, Arcturus

Burkea africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gardiner, Arcturus

Burkea africana

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Near path from sewer bridge along Mukuvisi River, Mukuvisi Woodlands

Burkea africana

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Near path from sewer bridge along Mukuvisi River, Mukuvisi Woodlands

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Burkea (English) False ash (English) Mukarati (Shona) Umnondo (Ndebele) Wild syringa (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Deciduous tree, to 8 m. Bark rough, both vertically and horizontally fissured. Twigs with brown-hairy apex. Leaves with pinnae in 2-5 pairs. Leaflets 6-15 per pinna; lamina 1.5-7.5 × 0.7-4.2 cm, elliptic or sometimes ovate-elliptic or ± obovate, appressed-puberulent; base ± asymmetric; apex obtuse and emarginate. Spikes pendulous, to 20 cm. Petals c.4-5 mm, white to pale green. Pod 4-6.5 × 2-3 cm. Seeds c.9-12 mm, elliptic, flattened, brown.
Notes: The fruits of Burkea superficially resemble a Terminalia, but Burkea is readily separated by its compound leaves.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: In sandy soils in woodland and in wooded grassland
Altitude range: (metres) 990 - 1630 m
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa southwards to Mpumalanga and Gauteng in South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Cirina forda (Food plant)
Sphingomorpha chlorea (Food plant)
Leptotes group (Food plant)
Gonimbrasia belina (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 22 October 2006
Literature:

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 89 - 92. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 200 - 201. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 212.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 242.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 60 - 61. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 186 - 187. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 62.

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 116 - 117. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 20.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 91.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 209.


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Other sources of information about Burkea africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Burkea africana
Flora of Caprivi: Burkea africana
Flora of Malawi: Burkea africana
Flora of Mozambique: Burkea africana
Flora of Zambia: Burkea africana

External websites:

African Plant Database: Burkea africana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Burkea africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Burkea africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Burkea africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Burkea africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Burkea africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Burkea africana
Ispot Southern Africa : Burkea africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Burkea africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Burkea africana
Tropicos: Burkea africana
West African Plants database: Burkea africana


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Burkea africana.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126550, retrieved 27 May 2016

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