Bauhinia macrantha Oliv.

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Bauhinia macrantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chinotimba, Victoria Falls

Bauhinia macrantha

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chinotimba, Victoria Falls

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Synonyms: Bauhinia petersiana Bolle subsp. macrantha (Oliv.) Brummitt & J.H. Ross
Bauhinia petersiana Bolle subsp. serpae (Ficalho & Hiern) Brummitt & J.H. Ross
Common names: Kalahari bauhinia (English) Rag bush (English) Small white bauhinia (English)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Description:
Small shrub, up to 2 m. Formerly treated as a subspecies of Bauhinia petersiana. We have followed Schmidt (2012) in treating it as a separate species. It is easily distinguished from Bauhinia petersiana subsp. petersiana. The petals are much wider and more rounded, while the style and stamens are considerably shorter and lack the red tinge of subsp. petersiana. It also is a generally much smaller shrub, which rarely reaches tree-size proportions.
Notes: The area of distribution overlaps with subsp. petersiana in the Victoria Falls area of Zimbabwe.
Derivation of specific name: macrantha: large-flowered
Habitat: In Baikiaea woodland on Kalahari sandveld.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1400 m
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Zambia, Namibia, Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 9 September 2006
Literature:

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Page 23. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 212.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 243.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 375. as Bauhinia petersiana macrantha (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 80. as Bauhinia petersiana subsp. macrantha (Includes a picture).

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 71. (Includes a picture).

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 51, plate 75

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 118 - 120. as Bauhinia petersiana subsp. macrantha (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E.J.D. (2012). A new species of Bauhinia from southern Mozambique and the reinstatement of Bauhinia macrantha Bothalia 42(1) Pages 44 - 47.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 62. as Bauhinia petersiana macrantha

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 208. as Bauhinia petersiana subsp. Macrantha


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Other sources of information about Bauhinia macrantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Bauhinia macrantha
Flora of Caprivi: Bauhinia macrantha
Flora of Zambia: Bauhinia macrantha

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Bauhinia macrantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bauhinia macrantha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Bauhinia macrantha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Bauhinia macrantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Bauhinia macrantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bauhinia macrantha
Ispot Southern Africa : Bauhinia macrantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Bauhinia macrantha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Bauhinia macrantha
Tropicos: Bauhinia macrantha
West African Plants database: Bauhinia macrantha


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Bauhinia macrantha.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126800, retrieved 27 May 2016

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