Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.

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Toddalia asiatica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Leopard Rock Game Reserve, Vumba

Toddalia asiatica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Toddalia asiatica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Botanic Garden

Toddalia asiatica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Toddalia aculeata Pers.
Common names: Chikafusi (Shona) Climbing orange (English) Cockspur orange (English) Gato (Shona) Rukato (Shona)
Frequency: Common in the E Highlands
Status: Native
Strong robust liane. The young branches are covered with sharp, hooked thorns. In older branches these form thickened knobs, which still maintain the hooks. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets elliptic to obovate, shiny green, paler below, covered with translucent gland-dots, with a strong citrus smell when crushed. Flowers in axillary and terminal clusters or branched inflorescences, cream to pale greenish-yellow. Fruit small, citrus-like, orange when ripe.
Notes: The status of this record from the Central Division is discussed in Note 1.
Derivation of specific name: asiatica: of Asia
Habitat: In evergreen forest and riverine forest margins, often climbing into the canopy of larger trees.
Altitude range: (metres) 1100 - 1730 m
Flowering time:Sep - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Africa from East and Central Africa southwards to South Africa, Madagascar, the Mascarene Islands and India
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s): Liane.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Papilio dardanus cenea (Food plant)
Papilio demodocus demodocus (Food plant)
Papilio nireus lyaeus (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 9 January 2007

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 256. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 248.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 29. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 171.


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Other sources of information about Toddalia asiatica:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Toddalia asiatica
Flora of Mozambique: Toddalia asiatica
Flora of Zambia: Toddalia asiatica

External websites:

African Plant Database: Toddalia asiatica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Toddalia asiatica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Toddalia asiatica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Toddalia asiatica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Toddalia asiatica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Toddalia asiatica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Toddalia asiatica
Ispot Southern Africa : Toddalia asiatica
JSTOR Plant Science: Toddalia asiatica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Toddalia asiatica
Tropicos: Toddalia asiatica
West African Plants database: Toddalia asiatica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Toddalia asiatica., retrieved 27 August 2016

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