Euphorbia tirucalli L.

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Euphorbia tirucalli

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rd to Domboshawa, Chinamora CL

Euphorbia tirucalli

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rd to Domboshawa, Chinamora CL

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Common names: Hejiyemukaka (Shona) Ingotsha (Ndebele) Rubber euphorbia (English) Rubber hedge plant (English) Rusungwe (Shona)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Probably introduced, but a frequent relic of cultivation and sometimes naturalised.
Unarmed, succulent shrub to 5 m, or a small tree to 12 m, with brittle succulent branches which are often whorled, c.7 mm thick, green with fine longitudinal white striations. Leaves few, linear-lanceolate to narrowly obovate, fleshy, present only on new growth and quickly deciduous. Cymes 2-6, congested at apices of branchlets, forking 2-4-times, producing cyathia, these usually either all male or all female. Cyathium c.3 × 4 mm; glands to 1.5 × 2 mm, 5, subspherical to transversely elliptic, bright yellow; lobes c.0.5 mm, triangular. Capsule c.8 × 8.5 mm, subspherical, glabrescent, exserted on a tomentose pedicel. Seeds 3.5 × 2.8 mm, ovoid, smooth.
Notes: Very commonly planted throughout the flora area, but especially in Communal Lands as a toxic, goat-resistant hedge.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Open woodland; very frequently planted and naturalising near habitation.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1550 m (approx)
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 639.


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Other sources of information about Euphorbia tirucalli:

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Flora of Caprivi: Euphorbia tirucalli
Flora of Mozambique: Euphorbia tirucalli
Flora of Zambia: Euphorbia tirucalli
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Euphorbia tirucalli

External websites:

African Plant Database: Euphorbia tirucalli
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Euphorbia tirucalli
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia tirucalli
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia tirucalli
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia tirucalli
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Euphorbia tirucalli
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia tirucalli
Ispot Southern Africa : Euphorbia tirucalli
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia tirucalli
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia tirucalli
Tropicos: Euphorbia tirucalli
West African Plants database: Euphorbia tirucalli

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-15

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2015). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Euphorbia tirucalli., retrieved 4 March 2015

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