Lannea discolor (Sond.) Engl.

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Lannea discolor

Photo: Mark Hyde
St George's College

Lannea discolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam camp

Lannea discolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Osborne Dam RP

Lannea discolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haka Game Park

Lannea discolor

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haka Game Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Odina discolor Sond.
Common names: Chizhenje (Shona) Live-long (English) Mugan'acha (Shona) Muhumbukumbu (Shona) Mumbumbu (Shona) Mupuri (Shona) Mushamba (Shona) Tree grape (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Medium-sized deciduous tree. The bark has a coppery tinge. Leaves compound with up to 11 pairs of leaflets and a terminal leaflet. Leaves markedly discolorous, the upper surface green, the lower grey with dense felty hairs. Individual flowers small but produced in sweetly scented spikes up to 14 cm long, cream to pale yellow in colour, and borne when the trees are leafless. Sexes are separate, the female spikes being shorter and more compact than the male spikes.
Notes: The pulp of the grape-like fruits is eaten fresh. An infusion of the bark and roots is used for treating fevers and constipation in children. Fencing poles made out of the wood will easily take root and flourish again, which has earned it its common name.
Derivation of specific name: discolor : discolorous, not of the same colour - referring to the leaves
Habitat: In open woodland on stony slopes or rocky outcrops. Often associated with termite mounds.
Altitude range: (metres) 850 - 1660 m
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Caprivi-Namibia, Swaziland and Gauteng, Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Eucraera gemmata (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 29 September 2015
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 56.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 5 - 8. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 356 - 357. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 21.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 116 - 117. (Includes a picture).

Fernandes, R. & A. (1966). Anacardiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Page 560.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 22.

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 128 - 129. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 39. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 37.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 196.


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Other sources of information about Lannea discolor:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Lannea discolor
Flora of Caprivi: Lannea discolor
Flora of Malawi: Lannea discolor
Flora of Mozambique: Lannea discolor
Flora of Zambia: Lannea discolor

External websites:

African Plant Database: Lannea discolor
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Lannea discolor
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lannea discolor
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Lannea discolor
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Lannea discolor
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Lannea discolor
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lannea discolor
Ispot Southern Africa : Lannea discolor
JSTOR Plant Science: Lannea discolor
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Lannea discolor
Tropicos: Lannea discolor
West African Plants database: Lannea discolor


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Lannea discolor.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=136520, retrieved 28 September 2016

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