Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes.

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Gymnosporia senegalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cecil Kop NR, Mutare

Gymnosporia senegalensis

Photo: Petra Ballings
Val D'Or

Gymnosporia senegalensis

Photo: Petra Ballings
Val D'Or

Gymnosporia senegalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ewanrigg Botanic Garden

Gymnosporia senegalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ewanrigg Botanic Garden

Gymnosporia senegalensis

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Hippo Valley Wildlife reserve

Gymnosporia senegalensis

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Hippo Valley Wildlife reserve

Gymnosporia senegalensis

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Hippo Valley Wildlife reserve

Gymnosporia senegalensis

Photo: Mark Hyde
Hatcliffe South Extension

Gymnosporia senegalensis

Photo: Mark Hyde
Hatcliffe South Extension

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell
Common names: Chivhunabadza (Shona) Chizhuzhu (Shona) Confetti tree (English) Isihlangu (Ndebele) Mugaranjiva (Shona) Mukokoba (Shona) Musosaguva (Shona) Musosawafa (Shona) Musukameno (Shona) Mutotova (Shona) Mutsotsova (Shona) Red spike-thorn (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small multi-stemmed tree, unarmed or with strong, straight spines. Young branches distinctly red. Leaves blue-green, spirally arranged, sometimes in fascicles on the spines, oblong to obovate, often notched at the apex; margins crenate-dentate. Flowers in dense axillary and terminal clusters, sweetly scented. Fruit a 2-lobed capsule pinkish to reddish-brown when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: senegalensis: of Senegal
Habitat: A species occurring in a wide variety of habitats.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2400 m
Flowering time:Jul - Sep
Worldwide distribution: Sub-saharan Africa from Senegal to Eritrea and south to northern Namibia, Botswana and South Africa; also in southern Spain, North Africa, Afghanistan to India, Aldabra and Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Charaxes cithaeron cithaeron (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 13 June 2012
Literature:

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 611 - 612. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 127 - 130. as Maytenus senegalensis (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 400 - 401. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 43.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 255. As Maytenus senegalensis

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 124 - 125. as Maytenus senegalensis (Includes a picture).

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 236 - 237. as Maytenus senegalensis (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 79. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 33.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 39.

Robson, N.K.B. (1966). Celastraceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 367 - 369. (Includes a picture).

Robson, N.K.B., Hallé, N., Mathew, B. & Blakelock, R. (1994). Celastraceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 15 - 19. as Maytenus senegalensis (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 88 - 89. (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 344 - 345. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 45.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 41 - 42. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 66. as Maytenus senegalensis

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 203.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 124 - 125. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Gymnosporia senegalensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Gymnosporia senegalensis
Flora of Caprivi: Gymnosporia senegalensis
Flora of Malawi: Gymnosporia senegalensis
Flora of Mozambique: Gymnosporia senegalensis
Flora of Zambia: Gymnosporia senegalensis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Gymnosporia senegalensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Gymnosporia senegalensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gymnosporia senegalensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Gymnosporia senegalensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Gymnosporia senegalensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Gymnosporia senegalensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gymnosporia senegalensis
Ispot Southern Africa : Gymnosporia senegalensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Gymnosporia senegalensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Gymnosporia senegalensis
Tropicos: Gymnosporia senegalensis
West African Plants database: Gymnosporia senegalensis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Gymnosporia senegalensis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=137000, retrieved 31 May 2016

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