Zanha golungensis Hiern

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Zanha golungensis

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Zanha golungensis

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Zanha golungensis

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

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Common names: Muchenya (Shona) Smooth-fruit zanha (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or tree to 18 m. Leaves 1-pinnate; leaflets in 3-7 pairs, subsessile, elliptic-oblong, glabrous when mature (sometimes sparsely pubescent when young); apex obtuse and often acuminate; margin crenate, shallowly dentate or entire; base cuneate. Inflorescence 1.5-2 cm in diameter, a congested subspherical thyrse. Sepals 2-2.5 mm. Petals 0. Fruit up to 2 × 1.5 cm, yellow or pink, ellipsoid or nearly spherical, glabrous.
Notes: Both species of Zanha in Zimbabwe bear leaves which appear to be either paripinnate or imparipinnate.
Derivation of specific name: golungensis: named from Golungo Alto in Cuanza Norte province in Angola where the type specimen was collected.
Habitat: Woodland, termite mounds and evergreen forest
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 10 August 2009

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 256.

Exell, A.W. (1966). Sapindaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Page 538. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 174.


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Flora of Malawi: Zanha golungensis
Flora of Mozambique: Zanha golungensis
Flora of Zambia: Zanha golungensis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Zanha golungensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Zanha golungensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Zanha golungensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Zanha golungensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Zanha golungensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Zanha golungensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Zanha golungensis
Ispot Southern Africa : Zanha golungensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Zanha golungensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Zanha golungensis
Tropicos: Zanha golungensis
West African Plants database: Zanha golungensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Zanha golungensis., retrieved 28 October 2016

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