Foeniculum vulgare Mill.

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Foeniculum vulgare

Photo: Mark Hyde
Belfast Close, Emerald Hill, Harare

Foeniculum vulgare

Photo: Mark Hyde
Belfast Close, Emerald Hill, Harare

Foeniculum vulgare

Photo: Mark Hyde
Belfast Close, Emerald Hill, Harare

Foeniculum vulgare

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

Foeniculum vulgare

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

Foeniculum vulgare

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

Foeniculum vulgare

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

Foeniculum vulgare

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Anethum foeniculum L.
Common names: Fennel (English)
Frequency:
Status: Introduced
Description:
Robust, hairless, somewhat glaucous perennial herb, to 2 m tall. Stem finely ribbed. Leaves with prominent sheathing bases, 3-4-pinnate, finely divided into filiform ultimate segments, these not borne in one plane. Umbels 4-8 cm in diameter, terminal and leaf-opposed; rays 10-30, ± glaucous. Petals bright yellow. Fruit 4-8 mm long.
Notes: The whole plant has a strong characteristic 'fennel' smell.
Derivation of specific name: vulgare: vulgar, common, usual
Habitat:
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native to the Mediterranean area; widely distributed in temperate and tropical regions.
Zimbabwe distribution: W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Papilio demodocus demodocus (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 3 March 2012
Literature:

Cannon, J.F.M. (1978). Apiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 606 - 607. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Foeniculum vulgare:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Foeniculum vulgare
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Foeniculum vulgare

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Foeniculum vulgare
African Plant Database: Foeniculum vulgare
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Foeniculum vulgare
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Foeniculum vulgare
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Foeniculum vulgare
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Foeniculum vulgare
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Foeniculum vulgare
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Foeniculum vulgare
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Foeniculum vulgare
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Foeniculum vulgare
Ispot Southern Africa: Foeniculum vulgare
JSTOR Plant Science: Foeniculum vulgare
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Foeniculum vulgare
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Foeniculum vulgare
The Plant List (version 1.1): Foeniculum vulgare
Tropicos: Foeniculum vulgare


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Foeniculum vulgare.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=143270, retrieved 27 May 2017

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