Chironia palustris Burch.
subsp. transvaalensis (Gilg) I. Verd.

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Chironia palustris subsp. transvaalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mpinge Pass, Great Dyke

Chironia palustris subsp. transvaalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mpinge Pass, Great Dyke

Chironia palustris subsp. transvaalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mpinge Pass, Great Dyke

Chironia palustris subsp. transvaalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mpinge Pass, Great Dyke

Chironia palustris subsp. transvaalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Chironia palustris subsp. transvaalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Chironia palustris subsp. transvaalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Chironia transvaalensis Gilg
Common names:
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Description:
Erect perennial herb, up to c. 80 cm high, growing from a woody rhizome. Stem unbranched or branched above, 4-ridged. Basal leaves in a rosette but usually not persisting, spathulate-ovate or oblong-lanceolate, bluish-green; stem leaves 2-8 cm long, linear-lanceolate, blue-green, inconspicuously 3-veined. Flowers in 5-18 flowered inflorescences, mauve-pink, bright pink or red, c. 3.5 cm in diameter; pedicels 2-12 cm long; anthers 4-7 mm long, bright yellow. Capsule narrowly ovoid, 8-13 mm long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: palustris: of marshy places;
transvaalensis: of the Transvaal (now Mpumalanga) in South Africa.
Habitat: In marshy grasslands, on streambanks and along rivers.
Altitude range: (metres) Above 1000 m
Flowering time:Oct - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Namibia, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 20 December 2012
Literature:

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 75.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 300 - 301. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 53.

Paiva, J. & Nogueira, I. (1990). Gentianaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(4) Page 34.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 66.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 90, plate 122

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 76.

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Pages 22 - 23. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. (1988). Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria Region Struik, Cape Town Pages 216 - 217. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Chironia palustris subsp. transvaalensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Chironia palustris subsp. transvaalensis
Flora of Mozambique: Chironia palustris subsp. transvaalensis
Flora of Zambia: Chironia palustris subsp. transvaalensis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Chironia palustris
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Chironia palustris
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Chironia palustris
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Chironia palustris
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Chironia palustris
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Chironia palustris
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Chironia palustris
Ispot Southern Africa : Chironia palustris
JSTOR Plant Science: Chironia palustris
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Chironia palustris
Tropicos: Chironia palustris
West African Plants database: Chironia palustris


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Chironia palustris subsp. transvaalensis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=144790, retrieved 9 December 2016

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