Acokanthera rotundata (Codd) Kupicha

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Acokanthera rotundata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Botanic Garden Meise

Acokanthera rotundata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Botanic Garden Meise

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Synonyms: Acokanthera schimperi (A. DC.) Schweinf. var. rotundata Codd
Common names: Round-leaved poison-bush (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree. Bark greyish-brown, rough; branches conspicuously angled and ribbed, milky sap present. Leaves opposite broadly elliptic to subcircular, up to 7.5 cm long, shiny dark green above, paler below, very stiff and leathery, often very rough to the touch above; margin entire, often rolled under. Inflorescence of many-flowered axillary clusters; corolla white, often pink to red on the corolla tube, sweetly scented. Fruit almost round, fleshy, up to 2 cm in diameter, red to purple when ripe.
Notes: Note: a very poisonous species but the ripe fruit is edible though very bitter.
Derivation of specific name: rotundata: rotund, broadly rounded, referring to the relatively broad leaves.
Habitat: In dry woodland among rocks.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Feb - May
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe, Swaziland and Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Biegel, H.M. (1977). Check-list of ornamental plants used in Rhodesian parks and gardens. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. Research Report No. 3. Page 19.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268. As Acokanthera schimperi rotundata


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Other sources of information about Acokanthera rotundata:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Acokanthera rotundata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Acokanthera rotundata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Acokanthera rotundata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acokanthera rotundata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acokanthera rotundata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acokanthera rotundata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Acokanthera rotundata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acokanthera rotundata
Ispot Southern Africa : Acokanthera rotundata
JSTOR Plant Science: Acokanthera rotundata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acokanthera rotundata
Tropicos: Acokanthera rotundata
West African Plants database: Acokanthera rotundata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acokanthera rotundata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=144910, retrieved 28 May 2016

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