Carissa bispinosa (L.) Desf. ex Brenan
subsp. zambesiensis Kupicha

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (13)

Carissa bispinosa subsp. zambesiensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Globe Rock, Vumba

Carissa bispinosa subsp. zambesiensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Carissa bispinosa subsp. zambesiensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Carissa bispinosa subsp. zambesiensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Chalet 3, Chirinda Forest

Carissa bispinosa subsp. zambesiensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Chalet 2, Chirinda Forest

Carissa bispinosa subsp. zambesiensis

Photo: Neil Crouch
Makurupine forest, Chimanimani

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Carissa arduina Lam.
Carissa bispinosa (L.) Desf. ex Brenan var. acuminata sensu R.B. Drumm.
Common names: Forest num-num (English) Mudyabveni (Shona) Mudzambara (Shona) Mumbingwa (Shona) Murambamhunga (Shona) Muruguru (Shona) Mutsamviringa (Shona) Y-thorned carissa (English)
Frequency: Locally common in forest understorey
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree, up to 5 m tall, usually smaller, with opposite, slender, often forked spines up to 3 cm long (in this subspecies). Young stems and branches distinctly green; milky latex present. Leaves opposite, more or less broadly ovate, thinly to thickly leathery, hairless, dark glossy green above, paler below; veining indistinct; margin entire. Flowers in terminal clusters, c. 1.3 cm in diameter white, often reddish-pink on the corolla tube, sweetly scented. Fruit ovoid up to 1.6 cm long, fleshy, red when ripe. The fruits are edible.
Notes: The fruits are edible.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In woodland, forest margins and in the understorey of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 1080 - 1630 m
Flowering time:Oct - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Swaziland and South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Cirina forda (Food plant)
Nephele comma (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 16 August 2006

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268. As Carissa bispinosa acuminata

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 403 - 404.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 69. as Carissa arduina


comments powered by Disqus

Other sources of information about Carissa bispinosa subsp. zambesiensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Carissa bispinosa subsp. zambesiensis
Flora of Mozambique: Carissa bispinosa subsp. zambesiensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Carissa bispinosa
African Plant Database: Carissa bispinosa
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Carissa bispinosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Carissa bispinosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Carissa bispinosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Carissa bispinosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Carissa bispinosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Carissa bispinosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Carissa bispinosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Carissa bispinosa
Ispot Southern Africa: Carissa bispinosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Carissa bispinosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Carissa bispinosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Carissa bispinosa
The Plant List (version 1.1): Carissa bispinosa
Tropicos: Carissa bispinosa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Carissa bispinosa subsp. zambesiensis., retrieved 21 July 2017

Site software last modified: 28 December 2016 2:55pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use