Holarrhena pubescens (Buch. - Ham.) Wall. ex G. Don

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Holarrhena pubescens

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Bikita District

Holarrhena pubescens

Photo: Darrel Plowes
35 kms S of Mutare

Holarrhena pubescens

Photo: Colin Wenham
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve.

Holarrhena pubescens

Photo: Colin Wenham
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve.

Holarrhena pubescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Garura section of Mazowe River Game Reserve, Maramba CL, across Mazowe River from Hippo Pools

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Holarrhena febrifuga Klotzsch
Common names: Chigafusi (Shona) Fever-pod (English) Jasmine-tree (English) Mugashu (Shona) Muhatsu (Shona) Mukashumukono (Shona) Mukashumurume (Shona)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree with milky latex. Leaves opposite, broadly elliptic to ovate, sparsely to densely hairy, glossy dark green above paler below. Flowers in dense, many-flowered, axillary heads, white, sweetly scented; calyces and flower stalks densely hairy; corolla lobes overlapping to the right. Fruit in paired, long slender follicles, up to 30 cm, conpicuously dotted with lenticels. Seeds with long silky hairs to aid dispersal by wind.
Notes: Note that there is a specimen of this species as a cultivated plant in SRGH and on that basis we have included it in the cultivated part of the site.
Derivation of specific name: pubescens: pubescent, with soft short hairs
Habitat: In rocky places in woodland, often near water courses.
Altitude range: (metres) 400 - 1100 m
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Kenya, Tanzania to Mpumalanga, South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 23 August 2013

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 26 - 29. as Holarrhena febrifuga (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 25.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 269.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 456 - 458. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 43.


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Other sources of information about Holarrhena pubescens:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Holarrhena pubescens
Flora of Mozambique: Holarrhena pubescens
Flora of Zambia: Holarrhena pubescens
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Holarrhena pubescens

External websites:

African Plant Database: Holarrhena pubescens
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Holarrhena pubescens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Holarrhena pubescens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Holarrhena pubescens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Holarrhena pubescens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Holarrhena pubescens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Holarrhena pubescens
Ispot Southern Africa : Holarrhena pubescens
JSTOR Plant Science: Holarrhena pubescens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Holarrhena pubescens
Tropicos: Holarrhena pubescens
West African Plants database: Holarrhena pubescens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Holarrhena pubescens.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=145020, retrieved 25 September 2016

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