Diplorhynchus condylocarpon (Müll. Arg.) Pichon

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Diplorhynchus condylocarpon

Photo: Bart Wursten

Diplorhynchus condylocarpon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Campsite, Osborne Dam Recreational Park.

Diplorhynchus condylocarpon

Photo: Mark Hyde
Maringambizi, Mtoroshanga

Diplorhynchus condylocarpon

Photo: Bart Wursten
C. 4 km east of Madziwa Mine

Diplorhynchus condylocarpon

Photo: Bart Wursten
C. 4 km east of Madziwa Mine

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Diplorhynchus mossambicensis Oliv.
Common names: Horn-pod tree (English) Inkamamasane (Ndebele) Musikanyimo (Shona) Mutohwa (Shona) Tsowa (Shona) Wild rubber (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Shrub or small deciduous tree with a drooping appearance. Bark rough and deeply fissured. Leaves opposite, elliptic, shiny yellowish green, pointed at the apex; pale yellow midrib and lateral veins conspicuous. Flowers white to cream in loose clusters near the ends of branches, sweetly scented. Fruit often in paired, woody, boat-shaped pods, beaked at the apex, dark brown, heavily dotted with pale lenticels.
Notes: All parts contain a milky latex, used as bird lime.
Derivation of specific name: condylocarpon: condylus-projection; carpon- a fruit; probably referring to the beaked fruits
Habitat: In open woodland and on stony hillsides.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: A Zambezian near endemic: Southern DRC, Tanzania, to northern South Africa, Botswana, Namibia and Angola.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Nephele comma (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 18 August 2013

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 21 - 25. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 544 - 545. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 192 - 193. (Includes a picture).

Fanshawe, D.B. (1971). The Vegetation of Zambia. Division of Forest Research, Kitwe.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 28. (Includes a picture).

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 26 - 27. (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 197.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press.

White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa. A descriptive memoir. UNESCO, Paris


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Flora of Botswana: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
Flora of Caprivi: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
Flora of Malawi: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
Flora of Mozambique: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
Flora of Zambia: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
Ispot Southern Africa : Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
JSTOR Plant Science: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
Tropicos: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
West African Plants database: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-15

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2015). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=145030, retrieved 25 November 2015

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