Diplorhynchus condylocarpon (Müll. Arg.) Pichon

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Diplorhynchus condylocarpon

Photo: Bart Wursten

Diplorhynchus condylocarpon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Campsite, Osborne Dam Recreational Park.

Diplorhynchus condylocarpon

Photo: Mark Hyde
Maringambizi, Mtoroshanga

Diplorhynchus condylocarpon

Photo: Bart Wursten
C. 4 km east of Madziwa Mine

Diplorhynchus condylocarpon

Photo: Bart Wursten
C. 4 km east of Madziwa Mine

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Diplorhynchus mossambicensis Oliv.
Common names: Horn-pod tree (English) Inkamamasane (Ndebele) Musikanyimo (Shona) Mutohwa (Shona) Tsowa (Shona) Wild rubber (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Shrub or small deciduous tree with a drooping appearance. Bark rough and deeply fissured. Leaves opposite, elliptic, shiny yellowish green, pointed at the apex; pale yellow midrib and lateral veins conspicuous. Flowers white to cream in loose clusters near the ends of branches, sweetly scented. Fruit often in paired, woody, boat-shaped pods, beaked at the apex, dark brown, heavily dotted with pale lenticels.
Notes: All parts contain a milky latex, used as bird lime.
Derivation of specific name: condylocarpon: condylus-projection; carpon- a fruit; probably referring to the beaked fruits
Habitat: In open woodland and on stony hillsides.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: A Zambezian near endemic: Southern DRC, Tanzania, to northern South Africa, Botswana, Namibia and Angola.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Nephele comma (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 18 August 2013

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 544 - 545. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 192 - 193. (Includes a picture).

Fanshawe, D.B. (1971). The Vegetation of Zambia. Division of Forest Research, Kitwe.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 28. (Includes a picture).

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 26 - 27. (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 197.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press.

White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa. A descriptive memoir. UNESCO, Paris


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Other sources of information about Diplorhynchus condylocarpon:

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Flora of Botswana: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
Flora of Caprivi: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
Flora of Malawi: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
Flora of Mozambique: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
Flora of Zambia: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
Ispot Southern Africa : Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
JSTOR Plant Science: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
Tropicos: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon
West African Plants database: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-15

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2015). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Diplorhynchus condylocarpon.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=145030, retrieved 7 October 2015

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