Rauvolfia caffra Sond.

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Rauvolfia caffra

Photo: Bart Wursten
By main Vumba rd

Rauvolfia caffra

Photo: Bart Wursten
By main Vumba rd

Rauvolfia caffra

Photo: Rob Burrett
National Botanic Garden, Harare

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Synonyms: Rauvolfia inebrians K. Schum.
Rauvolfia natalensis Sond.
Common names: Mudzurungu (Shona) Mukamamasanhi (Shona) Mukashu (Shona) Mukaurura (Shona) Musingwiswi (Shona) Mutowamakaka (Shona) Muzungurwi (Shona) Quinine tree (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Medium-sized evergreen tree. Leaves in whorls of 3-5, near the ends of branches, lanceolate to oblong, glossy dark green, slightly paler below. Flowers in terminal, branched inflorescences, small, white. Fruit in pendulous clusters, not always paired as often only one carpel develops, green.
Derivation of specific name: caffra: from Kaffraria, a historic reference to South Africa
Habitat: In riverine and evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 840 - 1540 m
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa from West Africa and Sudan south to South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Daphnis nerii (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 20 August 2006

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 269.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 194 - 195. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 44.


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Other sources of information about Rauvolfia caffra:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Rauvolfia caffra
Flora of Mozambique: Rauvolfia caffra
Flora of Zambia: Rauvolfia caffra
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Rauvolfia caffra

External websites:

African Plant Database: Rauvolfia caffra
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Rauvolfia caffra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rauvolfia caffra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rauvolfia caffra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Rauvolfia caffra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Rauvolfia caffra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rauvolfia caffra
Ispot Southern Africa : Rauvolfia caffra
JSTOR Plant Science: Rauvolfia caffra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Rauvolfia caffra
Tropicos: Rauvolfia caffra
West African Plants database: Rauvolfia caffra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Rauvolfia caffra.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=145100, retrieved 27 May 2016

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