Strophanthus nicholsonii Holmes

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Much-branched deciduous scrambling shrub without tendrils. Branchlets densely velvety; latex clear or orange. Leaves obovate to almost round, up to 6 × 4 cm, (dark) green and velvety above, paler yellowish green and shortly hairy below, thinly textured with 4-9 pairs of lateral veins. Flowers fragrant, appearing before or with the leaves, 1-5(-10) per inflorescence. Corolla lobes ending in long, pendulous tails up to 10 cm long. Fruit of 2 diverging follicles, each 17-28 cm long, ending in an obtuse or knob-like apex, dark brown to purple-brown, pubescent when young, covered in elongated lenticels.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In mopane woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 400 - 1100 m
Flowering time:Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E
Growth form(s): Tree, liane, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 15 November 2008
Literature:

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 27.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 270.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Page 477.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 19.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 44.


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Other sources of information about Strophanthus nicholsonii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Strophanthus nicholsonii
Flora of Mozambique: Strophanthus nicholsonii
Flora of Zambia: Strophanthus nicholsonii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Strophanthus nicholsonii
African Plant Database: Strophanthus nicholsonii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Strophanthus nicholsonii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Strophanthus nicholsonii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strophanthus nicholsonii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Strophanthus nicholsonii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Strophanthus nicholsonii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Strophanthus nicholsonii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Strophanthus nicholsonii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strophanthus nicholsonii
Ispot Southern Africa: Strophanthus nicholsonii
JSTOR Plant Science: Strophanthus nicholsonii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Strophanthus nicholsonii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Strophanthus nicholsonii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Strophanthus nicholsonii
Tropicos: Strophanthus nicholsonii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Strophanthus nicholsonii.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=145210, retrieved 26 September 2017

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