Lippia javanica (Burm.f.) Spreng.

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Lippia javanica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chinyakwaremba, Vumba

Lippia javanica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, Harare

Lippia javanica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

Lippia javanica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

Lippia javanica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near entrance to Zona Tea Estates

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Blairia javanica (Burm. f.) Gaertn.
Lantana lavandulacea Willd.
Lippia asperifolia sensu Martineau
Lippia capensis (Thunb.) Spreng.
Lippia galpiniana H. Pearson
Lippia whytei Moldenke
Phyla javanica (Burm. f.) Moldenke
Verbena capensis Thunb.
Verbena javanica Burm. f.
Zapania javanica (Burm. f.) Lam.
Common names: Fever tea (English) Kachigwere (Shona) Lemon bush (English) Mumara (Shona) Mushani mukuru (Shona) Musumba (Shona) Umsuzwane (Ndebele) Zumbani (Shona)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub. Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3, elliptic, venation distinctly sunken above, both sides hairy, margins dentate. Flowers in dense, round, small, stalked clusters, creamy-white.
Notes: The leaves are used as a medicinal, herbal tea to treat coughs and aching muscles.
Derivation of specific name: javanica: of Java although this species is purely African. The species was originally described as Verbena javanica by the Dutch botanist Nicolaas Laurens Burman (1734-1793) who mistakenly thought the type specimen was collected in Java.
Habitat: In grassland on hillsides and stream banks, and as a constituent of the scrub on the fringes of forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2200 m
Flowering time:All year
Worldwide distribution: Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Swaziland and North West, Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, Free State KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 29 July 2006
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 142 - 143. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 283.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 976.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 271.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 342 - 343. (Includes a picture).

Fernandes, R. (2005). Verbenaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 35 - 37.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1973). A checklist and discussion of the flora of a portion of the Lomagundi District, Rhodesia. Kirkia 9(1) Page 172.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 120. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 82.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 101.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 180 - 181. (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 578 - 579. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 110.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 184.

Van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. (1988). Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria Region Struik, Cape Town Pages 182 - 183. (Includes a picture).

Verdcourt, B. (1992). Verbenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 30 - 31.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 588.

Wild, H. (1965). The Flora of the Great Dyke of Southern Rhodesia with special reference to the Serpentine soils. Kirkia 5(1) Page 64.


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Other sources of information about Lippia javanica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Lippia javanica
Flora of Malawi: Lippia javanica
Flora of Mozambique: Lippia javanica
Flora of Zambia: Lippia javanica

External websites:

African Plant Database: Lippia javanica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Lippia javanica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lippia javanica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Lippia javanica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Lippia javanica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Lippia javanica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lippia javanica
Ispot Southern Africa : Lippia javanica
JSTOR Plant Science: Lippia javanica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Lippia javanica
Tropicos: Lippia javanica
West African Plants database: Lippia javanica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Lippia javanica.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=148720, retrieved 27 September 2016

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