Rotheca myricoides (Hochst.) D.A. Steane & Mabb.

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Rotheca myricoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Forest, Vumba

Rotheca myricoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Epworth, Harare

Rotheca myricoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Hwange NP, Main Camp.

Rotheca myricoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Mt Selinda to Espungabera border post

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Synonyms: Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R.Br. ex Vatke
Common names: Bandamuchenene (Shona) Blue cat's whiskers (English) Mudzimamuriro (Shona) Muparamhozva (Shona) Mutilingwa (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Nyamhepo (Shona) Zanzi (Shona)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Shrub or small multi-stemmed tree. Leaves opposite or 3-4-whorled, usually crowded near the ends of branches, ovate to broadly elliptic, up to 9 × 5 cm, velvety above, often densely woolly and paler below; petiole obscured by the decurrent leaf base; margin coarsely toothed. Flowers in few-flowered terminal and axillary heads, showy, c. 2 cm in diameter, purple-blue and white with long exserted stamens. Fruit c. 10 mm in diameter, 2-4-lobed, surrounded by the spreading calyx lobes when young, red to black when ripe.
Notes: Note: many varieties and forms have been described. These, however, appear to grade into each other and are here not further included.
Derivation of specific name: myricoides: resembling a species of Myrica, referring to the leaf shape
Habitat: Occurring in thickets in rocky places, along streams and at the edges of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:Oct - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Burundi, DRC, Rwanda, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 142 - 143. as Clerodendrum myricoides (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 191.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 990 - 991.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 572 - 573. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 272. As Clerodendrum myricoides

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 344 - 345. as Clerodendrum myricoides (Includes a picture).

Fernandes, R. (2005). Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 136 - 143.

Fernandes, R.B. & Verdcourt, B. (2000). Rotheca (Lamiacae) Revived: More New Combinations Kew Bulletin 55(1) Pages 150 - 152.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 578 - 580. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 79.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 183. as Clerodendrum myricoides

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 370 - 371. as Clerodendrum myricoides (Includes a picture).

Verdcourt, B. (1992). Verbenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 130 - 136. as Clerodendrum myricoides in Verbenaceae


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Other sources of information about Rotheca myricoides:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Rotheca myricoides
Flora of Caprivi: Rotheca myricoides
Flora of Malawi: Rotheca myricoides
Flora of Mozambique: Rotheca myricoides

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Rotheca myricoides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rotheca myricoides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rotheca myricoides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Rotheca myricoides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Rotheca myricoides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rotheca myricoides
Ispot Southern Africa : Rotheca myricoides
JSTOR Plant Science: Rotheca myricoides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Rotheca myricoides
Tropicos: Rotheca myricoides
West African Plants database: Rotheca myricoides

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Rotheca myricoides., retrieved 28 October 2016

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