Rotheca myricoides (Hochst.) D.A. Steane & Mabb.

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Rotheca myricoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Forest, Vumba

Rotheca myricoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Epworth, Harare

Rotheca myricoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Hwange NP, Main Camp.

Rotheca myricoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Mt Selinda to Espungabera border post

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Synonyms: Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R.Br. ex Vatke
Common names: Bandamuchenene (Shona) Blue cat's whiskers (English) Mudzimamuriro (Shona) Muparamhozva (Shona) Mutilingwa (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Nyamhepo (Shona) Zanzi (Shona)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small multi-stemmed tree. Leaves opposite or 3-4-whorled, usually crowded near the ends of branches, ovate to broadly elliptic, up to 9 × 5 cm, velvety above, often densely woolly and paler below; petiole obscured by the decurrent leaf base; margin coarsely toothed. Flowers in few-flowered terminal and axillary heads, showy, c. 2 cm in diameter, purple-blue and white with long exserted stamens. Fruit c. 10 mm in diameter, 2-4-lobed, surrounded by the spreading calyx lobes when young, red to black when ripe.
Notes: Note: many varieties and forms have been described. These, however, appear to grade into each other and are here not further included.
Derivation of specific name: myricoides: resembling a species of Myrica, referring to the leaf shape
Habitat: Occurring in thickets in rocky places, along streams and at the edges of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:Oct - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Burundi, DRC, Rwanda, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 142 - 143. as Clerodendrum myricoides (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 990 - 991.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 572 - 573. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 272. As Clerodendrum myricoides

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 344 - 345. as Clerodendrum myricoides (Includes a picture).

Fernandes, R. (2005). Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 136 - 143.

Fernandes, R.B. & Verdcourt, B. (2000). Rotheca (Lamiacae) Revived: More New Combinations Kew Bulletin 55(1) Pages 150 - 152.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 578 - 580. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 79.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 183. as Clerodendrum myricoides

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 370 - 371. as Clerodendrum myricoides (Includes a picture).

Verdcourt, B. (1992). Verbenaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 130 - 136. as Clerodendrum myricoides in Verbenaceae


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Other sources of information about Rotheca myricoides:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Rotheca myricoides
Flora of Caprivi: Rotheca myricoides
Flora of Malawi: Rotheca myricoides
Flora of Mozambique: Rotheca myricoides

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Rotheca myricoides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rotheca myricoides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rotheca myricoides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Rotheca myricoides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Rotheca myricoides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rotheca myricoides
Ispot Southern Africa : Rotheca myricoides
JSTOR Plant Science: Rotheca myricoides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Rotheca myricoides
Tropicos: Rotheca myricoides
West African Plants database: Rotheca myricoides


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Rotheca myricoides.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=149090, retrieved 27 May 2016

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