Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae

Lamiaceae - Mint and basil family

Labiatae

Codd, L.E. (1985) Lamiaceae FSA 28(4)

Fernandes, R. (2005) Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) FZ 8(7)

Paton, A.J. et al. (2009) Lamiaceae FTEA

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs or annual or perennial herbs, usually with square stems. Stipules 0. Leaves opposite or whorled, rarely alternate (e.g. Aeollanthus subacaulis), usually gland-dotted and aromatic. Infl. cymose, borne in the axils of opposite bracts, usually much condensed so that the two opposite cymes form a whorl-like infl. (referred to as a whorl in this account); rarely the flowers are solitary in the axil of each bract. The whorls are often close together so that they form spikes or heads. Flowers hypogynous, zygomorphic, usually 2-lipped, bisexual (unisexual in Tetradenia). Bracts present. Calyx usually 5-toothed, often 2-lipped. Corolla gamopetalous, basically 5-lobed but often 2-lipped with the 2 upper lobes and the 3 lower lobes united. Stamens rarely 2, usually 4. Ovary superior, 4-locular; style often 2-lobed, usually gynobasic. Fruit consisting of 4 dry, 1-seeded nutlets.

Comment: Can be recognised by the 4 nutlets, a character also possessed by the Boraginaceae, but these usually have actinomorphic flowers and alternate leaves. The family is often similar in appearance to the Acanthaceae but these have fruits which are capsules.

Worldwide: 251 genera and 6,700 species, cosmopolitan, but especially from the Mediterranean to C Asia; very rare in New Zealand.

Zimbabwe: 31 genera and 169 taxa.

Pycnostachys urticifolia

More sample images from the Lamiaceae (Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record)

Premna senensis

Premna senensis

Leucas milanjiana

Leucas milanjiana

Aeollanthus viscosus

Aeollanthus viscosus

Plectranthus lasianthus

Plectranthus lasianthus

Orthosiphon thymiflorus

Orthosiphon thymiflorus

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Achyrospermum BlumeDescription, Image
Acrotome Benth. ex Endl.Description, Image
Aeollanthus Mart. ex Spreng.Description, Image
Basilicum Moench
Clerodendrum L.Description, Image
Clinopodium L.Description
Endostemon N.E.Br.Description, Image
Haumaniastrum P.A. Duvign. & PlanckeImage
Hoslundia VahlDescription, Image
Hyptis Jacq.Description, Image
Isodon (Benth.) Spach.
Kalaharia Baill.Description, Image
Karomia DopDescription, Image
Leonotis (Pers.) R.Br.Description, Image
Leucas R. Br.Description, Image
Mentha L.Description, Image
Micromeria Benth.Description
Ocimum L.Description, Image
Orthosiphon Benth.Description, Image
Platostoma P. Beauv.Image
Plectranthus L'Hér.Description, Image
Premna L.Image
Pycnostachys Hook.Description, Image
Rotheca Raf.Description, Image
Salvia L.Description, Image
Scutellaria L.Description, Image
Stachys L.Description, Image
Syncolostemon E. Mey.Image
Tetradenia Benth.Description, Image
Tinnea Kotschy & Peyr.Description, Image
Vitex L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Lamiaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Lamiaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Lamiaceae | cultivated Lamiaceae
Flora of Zambia: Lamiaceae | cultivated Lamiaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Lamiaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Lamiaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=114, retrieved 25 October 2014

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