Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae

Acanthaceae - Barleria family

Balkwill, K. & Welman, W.G. (2000) Acanthaceae. In Leistner, O.A. Seed plants of southern Africa: families and genera. Strelitzia 10 34-45

Leistner, O.A. (2005) Seed plants of southern tropical Africa: families and genera SABONET Report No. 26 SABONET, Pretoria

Vollesen, K. (2009) Acanthaceae (Part 1) FTEA Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Description of the family

Herbs, shrubs or sometimes climbers. Stipules 0. Leaves opposite, usually entire, less often toothed. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic or zygomorphic. Bracts and bracteoles usually present. Calyx 4-5-partite, rarely 2-lipped or with 10-18 teeth (Thunbergia). Corolla gamopetalous, 1-2-lipped or 5-lobed. Stamens 2 or 4, inserted on corolla. Anthers 1- or 2-thecous, with thecae together or one above the other. Ovary superior, 2-locular with (1-)2(-3 or more) ovules in each loculus. Fruit a loculicidal capsule, often explosively dehiscent.

Comment: This large family with attractive and colourful flowers always catches one's eye in the field. Unfortunately recent and up-to-date information is still hard to come by. Both parts for the Flora of Tropical East Africa have recently come out and we are now eagerly awaiting the release of Flora Zambesiaca for this family.

Worldwide: 229 genera and 3450 species, mostly tropical.

Zimbabwe: 38 genera and 179 taxa.

Brillantaisia cicatricosa

More sample images from the Acanthaceae (Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record)

Elytraria acaulis

Elytraria acaulis

Duosperma crenatum

Duosperma crenatum

Barleria mackenii

Barleria mackenii

Hypoestes forskaolii

Hypoestes forskaolii

Dicliptera nyangana

Dicliptera nyangana

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Acanthopale C.B. ClarkeDescription, Image
Acanthus L.Description, Image
Anisotes NeesDescription, Image
Asystasia BlumeDescription, Image
Barleria L.Description, Image
Blepharis Juss.Description, Image
Brachystephanus NeesDescription, Image
Brillantaisia P. Beauv.Description, Image
Chaetacanthus NeesDescription, Image
Crabbea Harv.Description, Image
Crossandra Salisb.Description, Image
Dicliptera Juss.Description, Image
Duosperma DaytonDescription, Image
Dyschoriste NeesDescription, Image
Ecbolium KurzDescription
Elytraria Michx.Description, Image
Hygrophila R.Br.Description, Image
Hypoestes Sol. ex R.Br.Description, Image
Isoglossa Oerst.Description, Image
Justicia L.Description, Image
Lepidagathis Willd.
Megalochlamys LindauDescription, Image
Mellera S. MooreDescription, Image
Metarungia BadenDescription
Mimulopsis Schweinf.Description, Image
Nelsonia R. Br.Description, Image
Neuracanthus NeesDescription, Image
Petalidium NeesImage
Phaulopsis Willd.Description, Image
Pseuderanthemum Radlk.Description, Image
Pseudocalyx Radlk.Description
Rhinacanthus NeesDescription, Image
Ruellia L.Image
Ruelliopsis C.B. ClarkeDescription, Image
Ruspolia LindauImage
Sclerochiton Harv.Description, Image
Strobilanthopsis S. MooreDescription, Image
Thunbergia Retz.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Acanthaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Acanthaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Acanthaceae
Flora of Zambia: Acanthaceae | cultivated Acanthaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Acanthaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Acanthaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=1, retrieved 2 September 2014

Site software last modified: 17 June 2014 5:18pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use