8094.000 Justicia L.

ADHATODA Mill.

BELOPERONE Nees

JACOBINIA Nees ex Moricand

MONECHMA Hochst.

Hedrén, M. (1989) Justicia sect. Harnieria (Acanthaceae) in Tropical Africa Acta. Univ. Ups. Symb. Bot. Ups. 29(1) 1-141

Hedrén, M. (1990) The Justicia elegantula complex (Acanthaceae) in tropical Africa J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 103(3) 263-280

Kelbessa, E. (1990) Justicia Sect. Ansellia (Acanthaceae) Acta. Univ. Ups. Symb. Bot. Ups. 29(2) 1-96

Description of the genus

Shrubs or annual or perennial herbs. Leaves simple, opposite, entire. Inflorescences cymose. Bract (0-)1. Bracteoles 2. Calyx 4-5-lobed, to near the base. Corolla 2-lipped; upper lip very shortly 2-lobed; lower deeply 3-lobed with raised palate. Stamens 2; thecae 2, lower with a well-defined whitish tail. Ovary 2-locular with 2 ovules per loculus. Capsule cylindric or clavate, (1-)4-seeded. Seeds usually rough.

Derivation of name: Named after James Justice (1698-1763), a Scottish nurseryman

Worldwide: c. 600 species in tropical and warm countries and temperate N America

Zimbabwe: 23 taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Zizula hylax (Gaika blue) Food plant
Justicia phyllostachys

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
anagalloides (Nees) T. AndersonN,C,E,SDescription, Image
betonica L.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
bracteata (Hochst.) Zarb.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
divaricata NeesN,E,S
elegantula S. MooreN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
exigua S. MooreW,C,SDescription, Image
flava (Vahl) VahlW,C,E,SDescription, Image
francoiseana BrummittE
hedrenii Vollesen[End][LR-nt]EDescription, Image
heterocarpa T. Anderson subsp. dinteri (S. Moore) HedrénN,W,C,SDescription, Image
kirkiana T. AndersonN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
matammensis (Schweinf.) Oliv. N,W,E,SDescription, Image
monechmoides S. MooreN,W,C,E,S
nyassana LindauEDescription, Image
odora (Forssk.) Lam.W,SDescription, Image
phyllostachys C.B. ClarkeN,C,EDescription, Image
protracta (Nees) T. AndersonN,E,SDescription, Image
rhodesiana S. MooreW,C,E,S
scandens VahlN,W,E,SImage
striata (Klotzsch) BullockN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
subsessilis Oliv.N,C,E
tenella (Nees) T. AndersonN,EDescription, Image
whytei S. MooreE

Other sources of information about Justicia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Justicia
Flora of Caprivi: Justicia
Flora of Malawi: Justicia
Flora of Mozambique: Justicia
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Justicia
Flora of Zambia: Justicia
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Justicia
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Justicia

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Justicia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Justicia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Justicia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Justicia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Justicia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Justicia.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1357, retrieved 1 July 2016

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