7350.000 Plectranthus L'Hér.

COLEUS Lour.

ENGLERASTRUM Briq.

HOLOSTYLON Robyns & J.-P. Lebrun

NEOHYPTIS J.K. Morton

SOLENOSTEMON Thonn.

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs. Stems herbaceous or woody below, sometimes succulent. Inflorescence paniculate, racemose or subspicate, usually terminal. Flowers in whorls, few-flowered cymes or dichasia, occasionally solitary. Bracts small, clearly differentiated from the leaves. Calyx 2-lipped (the upper lip consisting of a large single tooth, the lower lip of 4 lanceolate-triangular or subulate teeth) or subequally 5-toothed. Corolla 2-lipped, tube usually bent and expanded near the base; upper lip usually 4-lobed, shorter than the boat-shaped lower lip. Stamens 4; filaments free or united at base. Stigma shortly 2-lobed. Nutlets smooth.

Worldwide: c. 200 species from tropical and warm parts of the Old World

Zimbabwe: 43 taxa.

Insects associated with this genus:
Junonia orithya (Eyed pansy) Food plant
Precis archesia (Garden commodore, Garden inspector) Food plant
Plectranthus sessilifolius

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng.E
baumii GürkeN,CDescription, Image
bojeri (Benth.) HedgeN,W,C,EDescription, Image
buchananii BakerN,C
candelabriformis LaunertN,W
caninus Roth var. flavovirens (Gürke) A.J.PatonW,C,E
caudatus S. Moore[NrEnd][LR-nt]EImage
chimanimaniensis S. Moore[NrEnd]EImage
comosus SimsCDescription, Image
djalonensis (A. Chev.) A.J PatonN,W,C,EDescription, Image
dolichopodus Briq.E
dupuisii (Briq.) A.J. Paton E
efoliatus (De Wild.) A.J. PatonN,W,CDescription, Image
esculentus N.E. Br.N,W,C,EDescription, Image
flaccidus GürkeN,W
gracilis Suess.N,C,SDescription, Image
gracillimus (T.C.E. Fr.) Hutch. & DandyN,CDescription, Image
grandidentatus Gürke S
guerkei Briq.N,C,EDescription, Image
hadiensis (Forssk.) Spreng.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
hereroensis Engl.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
kapatensis (R.E. Fr.) J.K. MortonN,C,EDescription, Image
lanuginosus (Hochst.) AgnewEImage
lasianthus (Gürke) VollesenN,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
laxiflorus Benth.EDescription, Image
leptophyllus (Baker) A.J. PatonE
montanus Benth. N,W,C,E
neochilus Schltr.N,W,C,E,SDescription, Image
pentheri (Gürke) van Jaarsv. & T.J. EdwardsW
pinetorum A.J. Paton E
porphyranthus T.J. Edwards & N. Crouch[End][LR-lc]W,SDescription, Image
rotundifolius (Poir.) Spreng. E
sanguineus BrittenN,C,E,SDescription, Image
selukwensis N.E.Br. N,W,C,E,SImage
sessilifolius A.J. Paton[NrEnd]EDescription, Image
shirensis (Gürke) A.J. PatonN,EDescription, Image
sphaerophyllus BakerN,C,E,SImage
stenophyllus BakerN,C,E
stenosiphon BakerEDescription, Image
swynnertonii S. MooreEDescription, Image
termiticola A.J. Paton N,W
tetragonus GürkeN,W,C,S
thyrsoideus (Baker) B. MathewEDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Plectranthus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Plectranthus
Flora of Caprivi: Plectranthus
Flora of Malawi: Plectranthus
Flora of Mozambique: Plectranthus
Flora of Zambia: Plectranthus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Plectranthus

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Plectranthus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Plectranthus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Plectranthus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Plectranthus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Plectranthus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Plectranthus.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1231, retrieved 30 July 2016

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