Description of the genus
Annual or perennial herbs, subshrubs or shrubs. Inflorescence a spike, raceme or panicle; flowers in
2-many-flowered whorls; bracts usually reduced, rarely similar to the upper leaves. Calyx 2-lipped; upper lip entire or 3-toothed, the
central tooth often shorter or obsolete; lower lip equally 3-toothed, longer than the upper. Corolla 2-lipped; tube usually
enlarging towards the throat; upper lip usually longer than lower, usually concave and ± flattened; lower lip
spreading, 3-lobed, the central lobe usually much larger than the 2 lateral. Stamens 2, ascending; staminodes 2, small and usually inconspicuous. Style included or exserted.
Readily recognised by the combination of ascending stamens and the number of stamens (2).
Worldwide: 900 species, from the tropics to temperate zones and especially in America, Sino-Himalayas and SW Asia
Zimbabwe: 4 taxa.The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Other sources of information about Salvia:
Our websites:Flora of Zimbabwe
: cultivated SalviaFlora of Mozambique
(electronic Plant Information Center): SalviaFlora Zambesiaca
web site: SalviaGoogle
(Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for SalviaIPNI
(International Plant Names Index): SalviaKew Herbarium catalogue
Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M.
. Flora of Zimbabwe: Genus page: Salvia.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1222, retrieved 31 July 2014