Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) W.T. Aiton
var. nepetifolia

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Leonotis nepetifolia var. nepetifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Shashe Wilderness Camp to the National Parks office, Tuli.

Leonotis nepetifolia var. nepetifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Shashe Wilderness Camp to the National Parks office, Tuli.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Leonotis nepetaefolia (L.) Mill.
Leonurus globosus Moench
Phlomis nepetifolia L.
Common names: Ibetshulebadala (Ndebele) Ihambambeba (Ndebele) Kambanje (Shona) Lion's ear (English) Minaret flower (English) Momba (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Mudyatsonzo (Shona) Mudzutsu (Shona) Mukadzimainza (Shona) Nyamuchena (Shona) Umhlahlampethu (Ndebele) Utshwala-benyoni (Ndebele) Wild dagga (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Robust annual or short-lived perennial herb, often 1-3 m tall, growing from a small slender taproot. Stem usually single, branching below the inflorescence, with a tuft of white to yellowish hairs at the leafnodes. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovate, 3-20 cm long, covered in short hairs and sessile glands, more densely so below; margin crenate-dentate. Flowers in 2-5(7) subspherical inflorescences per branch, separated by prolonged internodes. Corolla 19-38 mm long covered in orange hairs with 3 fringes of hairs inside at the base of the tube. See L. ocymifolia for comparison.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In mixed woodland, along streambanks and roadsides, disturbed areas and as a weed of cultivation.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Pantropical. Outside Africa mostly as a weed.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 17 December 2012

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 137. (Includes a picture).

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 77 - 78.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 68. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 78.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 215. as Leonotis nepetifolia


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Other sources of information about Leonotis nepetifolia var. nepetifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Leonotis nepetifolia var. nepetifolia
Flora of Caprivi: Leonotis nepetifolia var. nepetifolia
Flora of Mozambique: Leonotis nepetifolia var. nepetifolia
Flora of Zambia: Leonotis nepetifolia var. nepetifolia

External websites:

African Plant Database: Leonotis nepetifolia
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Leonotis nepetifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Leonotis nepetifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Leonotis nepetifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Leonotis nepetifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Leonotis nepetifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Leonotis nepetifolia
Ispot Southern Africa : Leonotis nepetifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Leonotis nepetifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Leonotis nepetifolia
Tropicos: Leonotis nepetifolia
West African Plants database: Leonotis nepetifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Leonotis nepetifolia var. nepetifolia.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=149220, retrieved 24 May 2016

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