Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit.

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Hyptis suaveolens

Photo: Bart Wursten
By the Vumba road, near Inn on the Vumba.

Hyptis suaveolens

Photo: Bart Wursten
By the Vumba road, near Inn on the Vumba.

Hyptis suaveolens

Photo: Bart Wursten
By the Vumba road, near Inn on the Vumba.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ballota suaveolens L.
Common names: Pignut (English) Spikenard (English)
Status: Introduced
Erect, strongly aromatic branched annual or short-lived perennial herb up to 3 m tall. Stems 4-angled, velvety with longer hairs and gland dots. Leaves opposite, ovate, 2.5-10 cm long, cordate at the base, velvety on both sides, margin toothed; petiole 1-7 cm long. Young leaves often purple tinged, particularly on the margin. Flowers axillary pedunculate clusters. Calyx with 5 spine-like teeth, often dark purple, glandular. Corolla 2-lipped, mauve with dark purple lines at the base of the broad 2-lobed upper lip.
Notes: The specimen in the photographs appears to represent the first record for the Eastern Division.
Derivation of specific name: suaveolens: sweet-scented
Habitat: Along roadsides, in disturbed areas or as a weed of abandoned cultivation.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:All year
Worldwide distribution: Native to Central America. Introduced in many tropical areas of the world
Zimbabwe distribution: N,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 23 January 2010

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 106 - 108.


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Other sources of information about Hyptis suaveolens:

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Flora of Mozambique: Hyptis suaveolens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hyptis suaveolens
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Hyptis suaveolens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hyptis suaveolens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hyptis suaveolens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hyptis suaveolens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hyptis suaveolens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hyptis suaveolens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hyptis suaveolens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hyptis suaveolens
Ispot Southern Africa: Hyptis suaveolens
JSTOR Plant Science: Hyptis suaveolens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hyptis suaveolens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hyptis suaveolens
The Plant List (version 1.1): Hyptis suaveolens
Tropicos: Hyptis suaveolens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hyptis suaveolens.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=149570, retrieved 23 June 2017

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