Pycnostachys urticifolia Hook.

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Pycnostachys urticifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten

Pycnostachys urticifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten

Pycnostachys urticifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Above Mermaids Falls, Aberfoyle

Pycnostachys urticifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Calderwood Park, Peterhouse School

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Coleus urticifolius (Hook.) Roberty
Pycnostachys pubescens Gürke
Common names: Bunganyunyu (Shona) Large hedgehog-flower (English) Nyakaonzora (Shona) Prickly salvia (English) Zinyamhunga (Shona)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Aromatic perennial herb or shrub, 1-2.5 m. Leaves petiolate; lamina 5-12 × 4-7 cm, narrowly to broadly ovate, ± glabrous to densely pubescent, gland-dotted; apex acute; margin regularly crenate. Inflorescence a spike 7-10 cm. Bracts 4-5 mm, linear to spathulate, ciliate. Calyx sparingly pubescent, reddish-purple; teeth 8-10 mm, becoming sharply spiny after flowering. Corolla 12-20 mm, gentian-blue, rarely whitish.
Derivation of specific name: urticifolia: nettle-leaved
Habitat: In rocky ground and on streambanks or in grassland in the transition zone between vlei and woodland; also sometimes in open miombo woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 700 - 2100 m
Flowering time:Apr - Jun
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 8 October 2015

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 146 - 147. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 191.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 352 - 353. (Includes a picture).

Paton, A.J. et al. (2009). Lamiaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 411 - 412.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 320 - 330. (Includes a picture).

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 105, plate 143

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 472 - 473. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 114.


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Other sources of information about Pycnostachys urticifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Pycnostachys urticifolia
Flora of Mozambique: Pycnostachys urticifolia
Flora of Zambia: Pycnostachys urticifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pycnostachys urticifolia
African Plant Database: Pycnostachys urticifolia
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Pycnostachys urticifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pycnostachys urticifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pycnostachys urticifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pycnostachys urticifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pycnostachys urticifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pycnostachys urticifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Pycnostachys urticifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pycnostachys urticifolia
Ispot Southern Africa: Pycnostachys urticifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Pycnostachys urticifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pycnostachys urticifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pycnostachys urticifolia
The Plant List (version 1.1): Pycnostachys urticifolia
Tropicos: Pycnostachys urticifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Pycnostachys urticifolia., retrieved 24 March 2017

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