Basilicum polystachyon (L.) Moench

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Basilicum polystachyon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mana Pools, by main road to camp

Basilicum polystachyon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mana Pools, by main road to camp

Basilicum polystachyon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mana Pools, by main road to camp

Basilicum polystachyon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mana Pools

Basilicum polystachyon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mana Pools

Basilicum polystachyon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mana Pools

Basilicum polystachyon

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mana Pools

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Lumnitzera polystachya Spreng.
Moschosma polystachyon (L.) Benth.
Ocimum polystachyon L.
Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Aromatic annual herb up to c. 1 m tall. Stems erect, strongly 4-angled, branching above, more or less hairless or with short appressed hairs on the inflorescence axis. Leaves opposite, ovate, up to 5 × 2(3) cm, glandular-punctate, usually hairless or rarely with scattered appressed hairs; margin serrate; petiole 10-35 mm long. Inflorescences mainly axillary with many, usually 6-flowered verticils 3-5 mm apart; flowers often concentrated on one side of the inflorescence. Calyx 1-1.5 mm long with scattered sessile glands and short hairs. Corolla white, blue or purple, 2-3 mm long; tube straight; lips with scattered glands.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: polystachyon: with many spikes.
Habitat: On riverbanks, along pools and in seasonally flooded areas.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 850 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread throughout the Old World tropics.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 3 December 2011
Literature:

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 77.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 54.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2009). Lamiaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 194 - 196. (Includes a picture).

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 158 - 159. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 68.


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Other sources of information about Basilicum polystachyon:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Basilicum polystachyon
Flora of Mozambique: Basilicum polystachyon
Flora of Zambia: Basilicum polystachyon

External websites:

African Plant Database: Basilicum polystachyon
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Basilicum polystachyon
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Basilicum polystachyon
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Basilicum polystachyon
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Basilicum polystachyon
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Basilicum polystachyon
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Basilicum polystachyon
Ispot Southern Africa : Basilicum polystachyon
JSTOR Plant Science: Basilicum polystachyon
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Basilicum polystachyon
Tropicos: Basilicum polystachyon
West African Plants database: Basilicum polystachyon


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Basilicum polystachyon.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150200, retrieved 31 August 2016

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