Rhigozum brevispinosum Kuntze

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Synonyms: Rhigozum linifolium S. Moore
Rhigozum spinosum Burch. ex Sprague
Common names: Lugakumkulu (Ndebele) Nyamangela (Hlengwe) Simple-leaved rhigozum (English) Umtundla Umdhlulantundla (Ndebele)
Status: Native
Shrub or multi-stemmed small tree up to c. 3 m tall. Branches rigid, squarish and twisted, armed with short spines. Leaves in opposite clusters on small woolly spurs, sub-sessile, simple or rarely 3-foliolate, narrowly oblanceolate, 2-5 cm long, grey-green, mostly hairless when mature; apex rounded to notched; margin entire. Flowers appearing with the leaves, showy, golden yellow, 2-4 cm in diameter, petals wrinkled along the edges, solitary or in few-flowered clusters among the leaves. Fruit a flattened slender capsule, c. 7 × 1.2 cm, light green to pale brown with a sharply pointed tip, dehiscent.
Derivation of specific name: brevispinosum: with short spines.
Habitat: Occurring in dry scrub and open woodland, on sandy soils or lime stone rocky outcrops.
Altitude range: (metres) 700 - 1250 m
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Northern Cape and Limpopo, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 31 January 2009

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 590 - 591. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 152. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 60 - 61. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 40.


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Other sources of information about Rhigozum brevispinosum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Rhigozum brevispinosum
Flora of Caprivi: Rhigozum brevispinosum
Flora of Zambia: Rhigozum brevispinosum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Rhigozum brevispinosum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Rhigozum brevispinosum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rhigozum brevispinosum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rhigozum brevispinosum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Rhigozum brevispinosum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Rhigozum brevispinosum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rhigozum brevispinosum
Ispot Southern Africa : Rhigozum brevispinosum
JSTOR Plant Science: Rhigozum brevispinosum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Rhigozum brevispinosum
Tropicos: Rhigozum brevispinosum
West African Plants database: Rhigozum brevispinosum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Rhigozum brevispinosum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=152350, retrieved 11 February 2016

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