Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae

Bignoniaceae - Jacaranda family

Bailey, L.H. (1949) Manual of Cultivated Plants Revised edition. Macmillan, New York.

Diniz, M.A. (1988) Bignoniaceae FZ 8(3)

Description of the family

Climbers (Podranea and Macfadyena), trees or shrubs. Stipules 0, but pseudostipules present in Markhamia. Leaves opposite (rarely in whorls of 3 in Kigelia), usually compound, i.e. 2-pinnate, imparipinnately 1-pinnate or 3-foliolate with the terminal leaflet sometimes (Macfadyena) a tendril or rarely simple. Flowers zygomorphic, often showy. Calyx gamosepalous, usually with 5 teeth or lobes. Corolla gamopetalous, with a tube and 5 lobes.Stamens usually 4, didynamous, with 1 staminode. Ovary superior, 2-locular. Style 1, terminal. Fruit usually a dehiscent capsule (often elongated) except in Kigelia which has indehiscent fruits. Seeds numerous, winged, except in Kigelia.

Worldwide: 109 genera and 750 species, mainly tropical, especially South America.

Zimbabwe: 13 genera and 16 taxa.

Markhamia obtusifolia

More sample images from the Bignoniaceae (Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record)

Dolichandra unguis-cati

Dolichandra unguis-cati

Catophractes alexandri

Catophractes alexandri

Markhamia zanzibarica

Markhamia zanzibarica

Kigelia africana

Kigelia africana

Spathodea campanulata

Spathodea campanulata

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Amphilophium KunthDescription, Image
Catophractes D. DonDescription, Image
Dolichandra Cham.Description, Image
Fernandoa Welw. ex Seem.Description
Jacaranda Juss.Description, Image
Kigelia DC.Description, Image
Markhamia Seem. ex Baill.Description, Image
Podranea SpragueDescription, Image
Rhigozum Burch.Description, Image
Spathodea P. Beauv.Description
Stereospermum Cham.Description, Image
Tabebuia Gomes ex DC.Description
Tecoma Juss.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Bignoniaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Bignoniaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Bignoniaceae | cultivated Bignoniaceae
Flora of Zambia: Bignoniaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Bignoniaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Bignoniaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=33, retrieved 21 November 2014

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