Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Lamiales

Bignoniaceae - Jacaranda family

Bailey, L.H. (1949) Manual of Cultivated Plants Revised edition. Macmillan, New York.

Diniz, M.A. (1988) Bignoniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3)

Description of the family

Climbers, trees or shrubs. Stipules absent, but pseudostipules sometimes present. Leaves opposite (rarely in whorls of 3), usually compound, namely 2-3-pinnate, imparipinnately 1-pinnate or 3-foliolate with the terminal leaflet sometimes a tendril or rarely simple. Inflorescences of terminal or axillary panicles or racemes, sometimes reduced to a fascicle or a solitary flower. Flowers zygomorphic, bisexual, often showy. Calyx gamosepalous, usually with 5 teeth or lobes, sometimes spathaceous. Corolla gamopetalous, 2-lipped or not, with a conspicuous tube and 5 lobes. Stamens usually 4, didynamous, with 1 staminode. Disk hypogynous, nectariferous. Ovary superior, usually 2-locular, less often 1-locular. Style 1, terminal. Fruit usually a dehiscent, often elongated, capsule, rarely fleshy and indehiscent (Kigelia). Seeds numerous, winged in species with capsules, without wings in those with indehiscent fruits.

Worldwide: 109 genera and 750 species, mainly tropical, especially South America.

Zimbabwe: 13 genera and 16 taxa.

Markhamia obtusifolia

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Amphilophium KunthDescription, Image
Catophractes D. DonDescription, Image
Dolichandra Cham.Description, Image
Fernandoa Welw. ex Seem.Description
Jacaranda Juss.Description, Image
Kigelia DC.Description, Image
Markhamia Seem. ex Baill.Description, Image
Podranea SpragueDescription, Image
Rhigozum Burch.Description, Image
Spathodea P. Beauv.Description
Stereospermum Cham.Description, Image
Tabebuia Gomes ex DC.Description
Tecoma Juss.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Bignoniaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Malawi: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Bignoniaceae
Flora of Zambia: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Bignoniaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Bignoniaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Bignoniaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=33, retrieved 28 May 2017

Site software last modified: 26 December 2016 8:34pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use