Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Lamiales

Bignoniaceae - Jacaranda family

Bailey, L.H. (1949) Manual of Cultivated Plants Revised edition. Macmillan, New York.

Diniz, M.A. (1988) Bignoniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3)

Description of the family

Climbers (Podranea and Macfadyena), trees or shrubs. Stipules 0, but pseudostipules present in Markhamia. Leaves opposite (rarely in whorls of 3 in Kigelia), usually compound, i.e. 2-pinnate, imparipinnately 1-pinnate or 3-foliolate with the terminal leaflet sometimes (Macfadyena) a tendril or rarely simple. Flowers zygomorphic, often showy. Calyx gamosepalous, usually with 5 teeth or lobes. Corolla gamopetalous, with a tube and 5 lobes.Stamens usually 4, didynamous, with 1 staminode. Ovary superior, 2-locular. Style 1, terminal. Fruit usually a dehiscent capsule (often elongated) except in Kigelia which has indehiscent fruits. Seeds numerous, winged, except in Kigelia.

Worldwide: 109 genera and 750 species, mainly tropical, especially South America.

Zimbabwe: 26 cultivated genera and 47 cultivated taxa.

Jacaranda mimosifolia

Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Adenocalymma Mart. ex Meisn.
Amphilophium KunthDescription, Image
Anemopaegma Mart. ex Meisn.
Bignonia L.
Campsis Lour.
Catalpa Scop.
Cybistax Mart. ex Meisn.
Delostoma D. Don
Dolichandra Cham.Description, Image
Fernandoa Welw. ex Seem.Description, Image
Jacaranda Juss.Description, Image
Kigelia DC.Description, Image
Mansoa DC.
Markhamia Seem. ex Baill.Description, Image
Pandorea (Endl.) SpachDescription, Image
Parmentiera DC.
Podranea SpragueDescription, Image
Pyrostegia C. PreslDescription, Image
Radermachera Zoll. & Moritzi
Spathodea P. Beauv.Description, Image
Stereospermum Cham.Description, Image
Tabebuia Gomes ex DC.Description
Tanaecium Sw.
Tecoma Juss.Description, Image
Tecomanthe Baill.
Tecomaria (Endl.) SpachDescription

Other sources of information about Bignoniaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Malawi: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Bignoniaceae
Flora of Zambia: Bignoniaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Bignoniaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Bignoniaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Cultivated plants: Family page: Bignoniaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/cult/family.php?family_id=33, retrieved 25 July 2016

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