Markhamia zanzibarica (Bojer ex DC.) K. Schum.

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Markhamia zanzibarica

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Chipangayi River, Save Valley

Markhamia zanzibarica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Christon Bank

Markhamia zanzibarica

Photo: Rob Burrett
South-West of Hwange Town

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Markhamia acuminata (Klotzsch) K. Schum.
Markhamia stenocarpa (Seem.) K. Schum.
Common names: Bean-tree (English) Maroon bell-bean (English) Mubikanyemba (Shona)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Small straggling tree. Leaves with 2-4 pairs of obovate to almost circular leaflets and a terminal leaflet, finely yellowish hairy when young, glabrescent above when mature; leaflets pointed at the apex. Flowers in terminal or axillary racemes, sometimes on the old wood, showy, maroon on the inside of the corolla, yellow, speckled with maroon on the outside. Fruit a slender capsule, dark brown.
Derivation of specific name: zanzibarica: of Zanzibar
Habitat: In riverine fringes and on rocky outcrops.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa and northern South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 17 November 2013

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 41 - 44. as Markhamia acuminata (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 599 - 600. (Includes a picture).

Diniz, M.A. (1988). Bignoniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3) Pages 74 - 76. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 273. As Markhamia acuminata

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 30.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 43. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 144 - 145. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 40.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 201.


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Other sources of information about Markhamia zanzibarica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Markhamia zanzibarica
Flora of Caprivi: Markhamia zanzibarica
Flora of Malawi: Markhamia zanzibarica
Flora of Mozambique: Markhamia zanzibarica
Flora of Zambia: Markhamia zanzibarica

External websites:

African Plant Database: Markhamia zanzibarica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Markhamia zanzibarica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Markhamia zanzibarica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Markhamia zanzibarica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Markhamia zanzibarica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Markhamia zanzibarica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Markhamia zanzibarica
Ispot Southern Africa : Markhamia zanzibarica
JSTOR Plant Science: Markhamia zanzibarica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Markhamia zanzibarica
Tropicos: Markhamia zanzibarica
West African Plants database: Markhamia zanzibarica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Markhamia zanzibarica., retrieved 24 October 2016

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