Elytraria acaulis (L.f.) Lindau

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Elytraria acaulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Elytraria acaulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Elytraria acaulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Elytraria acaulis

Photo: Celesta von Chamier
Rifa Conservation Camp

Elytraria acaulis

Photo: Celesta von Chamier
Rifa Conservation Camp

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Elytraria crenata Vahl
Elytraria crenata Vahl var. lyrata (Vahl) Nees
Elytraria lyrata (Vahl) Vahl
Elytraria marginata sensu da Silva et al. non Vahl
Justicia acaulis L.f.
Justicia acaulis L. f. var. lyrata Vahl
Tubiflora acaulis (L. f.) Kuntze
Common names:
Frequency: Frequent at lower altitudes
Status: Native
Description:
Stemless perennial herb with 1-several unbranched flowering stems, up to c. 30 cm tall. Leaves in a basal rosette, subsessile, elliptic to obovate, up to 18 cm long, hairy, particularly on the veins below; margin subentire to scalloped in the upper part. Flowers in 1-several spikes held in tight apiculate, overlapping bracts. Bracts and flowering stem bluish green. Corolla white, lower lip and lateral lobes spreading, 2-lobed. Flowers often not opening. Capsule 5.5-6.5 mm long, hairless.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: acaulis: without a stem
Habitat: Deciduous woodland often on rocky or sandy soils.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Ghana, Nigeria, DRC, Angola, Botswana, Somalia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa and India.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Perennial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 15 March 2014
Literature:

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 18. also as Elytraria marginata (wrong name)

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 14.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 18. as Elytraria lyrata

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 18. as Elytraria lyrata

Vollesen, K. (2009). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora of Tropical East Africa Page 12.

Vollesen, K. (2013). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5) Pages 6 - 9. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Elytraria acaulis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Elytraria acaulis
Flora of Malawi: Elytraria acaulis
Flora of Mozambique: Elytraria acaulis
Flora of Zambia: Elytraria acaulis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Elytraria acaulis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Elytraria acaulis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Elytraria acaulis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Elytraria acaulis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Elytraria acaulis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Elytraria acaulis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Elytraria acaulis
Ispot Southern Africa : Elytraria acaulis
JSTOR Plant Science: Elytraria acaulis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Elytraria acaulis
Tropicos: Elytraria acaulis
West African Plants database: Elytraria acaulis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Elytraria acaulis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=152920, retrieved 30 August 2016

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