Brillantaisia cicatricosa Lindau

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Brillantaisia cicatricosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd at Cloudlands

Brillantaisia cicatricosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd at Cloudlands

Brillantaisia cicatricosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Seldomseen, Vumba

Brillantaisia cicatricosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Aberfoyle Club, nr Golf Course

Brillantaisia cicatricosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

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Synonyms: Brillantaisia grandidentata S. Moore
Brillantaisia subulugurica Burkill
Brillantaisia ulugurica Lindau
Common names: Giant salvia (English)
Frequency: Locally common in the Eastern Highlands
Status: Native
Description:
Soft-wooded aromatic shrub or even rarely a small tree, up to 5 m tall. Leaves opposite, more or less broadly ovate, sometimes purple-tinged, 10-40 cm long, often cordate at the base but lamina running back down into a winged petiole; margin coarsely toothed with small and large teeth. Flowers in a more or less open, branched purplish inflorescence, 10-40 cm long. Corolla pale to bright blue, mauve, violet or purple, 2 lipped; upper lip 25-52 mm long, covered with purplish glandular hairs; lower lip 17-40 mm long, 3-lobed. Capsule 25-45 mm long, glandular-hairy.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Usually in wet depressions in the understory and at the margins of evergreen forest, often forming extensive colonies.
Altitude range: (metres) 700 - 1610 m
Flowering time:Aug - Sep
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Kenya Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Salamis parhassus (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 1 February 2010
Literature:

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 18. as Brillantaisia grandidentata

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 273. As Brillantaisia subulugurica

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 13. as Brillantaisia subulugurica

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 33. as Brillantaisia kirungae

Vollesen, K. (2009). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 159 - 161. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Brillantaisia cicatricosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Brillantaisia cicatricosa
Flora of Mozambique: Brillantaisia cicatricosa
Flora of Zambia: Brillantaisia cicatricosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Brillantaisia cicatricosa

External websites:

African Plant Database: Brillantaisia cicatricosa
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Brillantaisia cicatricosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brillantaisia cicatricosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Brillantaisia cicatricosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Brillantaisia cicatricosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Brillantaisia cicatricosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brillantaisia cicatricosa
Ispot Southern Africa : Brillantaisia cicatricosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Brillantaisia cicatricosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Brillantaisia cicatricosa
Tropicos: Brillantaisia cicatricosa
West African Plants database: Brillantaisia cicatricosa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Brillantaisia cicatricosa.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=153070, retrieved 27 May 2016

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