Hygrophila cataractae S. Moore

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Hygrophila cataractae

Photo: Mike Bingham
Mporokoso District, Kalungwishi River, Lumangwe Falls.

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Common names:
Status: Native
Erect, procumbent or ascending perennial herb. Stems up to 75 cm long, 4-angular, hairless or finely velvety in the upper parts, sometimes with scattered stalked glands. Leaves more or less narrowly elliptic, up to 7 cm long, hairless on both sides or with sparse short hairs above. Flowers in 1-12-flowered clusters, together forming a spike-like or sometimes branched inflorescence up to 25 cm long; axes more or less densely velvety with scattered longer hairs, stalked glands and lanceolate to narrowly ovate leaf-like bracts, up to 1.5 cm long. Corolla white to pale yellowish with indistinct bluish veining, 11-14 mm long, 2-lipped; lower lip broadly obovate with red-tipped hairs, shallowly 3-lobed. Capsule 4-9 mm long, finely velvety with a few glands near the apex.
Notes: Note: Not listed in Mapaura & Timberlake (2004) but apparently the Type specimen is from Zimbabwe (Gibbs 159, Livingstone Island, Victoria Falls, BM!, holo; K!, iso).
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Occurring in riverbeds and on riverbanks.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Vollesen, K. (2013). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5) Page 109.


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Other sources of information about Hygrophila cataractae:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Hygrophila cataractae
Flora of Mozambique: Hygrophila cataractae
Flora of Zambia: Hygrophila cataractae

External websites:

African Plant Database: Hygrophila cataractae
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Hygrophila cataractae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hygrophila cataractae
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hygrophila cataractae
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hygrophila cataractae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Hygrophila cataractae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hygrophila cataractae
Ispot Southern Africa : Hygrophila cataractae
JSTOR Plant Science: Hygrophila cataractae
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hygrophila cataractae
Tropicos: Hygrophila cataractae
West African Plants database: Hygrophila cataractae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hygrophila cataractae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=153100, retrieved 21 October 2016

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