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Photo: Mike Bingham
Mporokoso District, Kalungwishi River, Lumangwe Falls.
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Description: Erect, procumbent or ascending perennial herb. Stems up to 75 cm long, 4-angular, hairless or finely velvety in the upper parts, sometimes with scattered stalked glands. Leaves more or less narrowly elliptic, up to 7 cm long, hairless on both sides or with sparse short hairs above. Flowers in 1-12-flowered clusters, together forming a spike-like or sometimes branched inflorescence up to 25 cm long; axes more or less densely velvety with scattered longer hairs, stalked glands and lanceolate to narrowly ovate leaf-like bracts, up to 1.5 cm long. Corolla white to pale yellowish with indistinct bluish veining, 11-14 mm long, 2-lipped; lower lip broadly obovate with red-tipped hairs, shallowly 3-lobed. Capsule 4-9 mm long, finely velvety with a few glands near the apex.
Notes: Note: Not listed in Mapaura & Timberlake (2004) but apparently the Type specimen is from Zimbabwe (Gibbs 159, Livingstone Island, Victoria Falls, BM!, holo; K!, iso).
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Occurring in riverbeds and on riverbanks.
Altitude range: (metres)
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Display spot characters for this species
Acanthaceae (Part 1) Vollesen, K. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(5) Page 109. Comments
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Other sources of information about Hygrophila cataractae: Our websites: Flora of Malawi
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Hygrophila cataractae Flora of Zambia
Hygrophila cataractae External websites: African Plants: A Photo Guide
Hygrophila cataractae African Plant Database
Hygrophila cataractae Biodiversity Explorer
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Hygrophila cataractae EOL
(Encyclopedia of Life):
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(electronic Plant Information Center):
Hygrophila cataractae Flora Zambesiaca
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Hygrophila cataractae IPNI
(International Plant Names Index):
Hygrophila cataractae Ispot Southern Africa
Hygrophila cataractae JSTOR Plant Science
Hygrophila cataractae Kew Herbarium catalogue
Hygrophila cataractae Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
Hygrophila cataractae The Plant List (version 1.1)
Hygrophila cataractae Tropicos
Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M.
Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hygrophila cataractae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=153100, retrieved 16 January 2017
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