Barleria capitata Klotzsch

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Barleria capitata

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Sinamatella to Robins Camp, Hwange NP

Barleria capitata

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Sinamatella to Robins Camp, Hwange NP

Barleria capitata

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Sinamatella to Robins Camp, Hwange NP

Barleria capitata

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road from Sinamatella to Robins Camp, Hwange NP

Barleria capitata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Robins Camp to the Matetsi Safari Area gate, Hwange NP

Barleria capitata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Robins Camp to the Matetsi Safari Area gate, Hwange NP

Barleria capitata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Robins Camp to the Matetsi Safari Area gate, Hwange NP

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Barleria megalosiphon Mildbr.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial spreading subshrub with decumbent to suberect stems. Leaves opposite, sometimes appearing clustered, oblong-elliptic, 2-5 cm long, grey-green, hairy, particularly on the veins and margin. Flowers in dense capitate heads with closely overlapping enlarged calyx lobes with spiny margins. Corolla actinomorphic, 5-lobed, white, tube extremely long, up to 10 cm, narrowly cylindric, yellowish, pubescent.
Notes: A very unusual species with closely packed calyx lobes, symmetrical corolla and extremely long corolla tube. The flowers appear to open in the evening and are finished the next morning. This, together with the shape and colour of the flowers, indicate the flowers are moth-pollinated.
Derivation of specific name: capitata: in the form of a head, capitate
Habitat: In dry open woodland, scrub and open grassland.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 24 January 2010
Literature:

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6) Pages 74 - 75.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 17.


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Other sources of information about Barleria capitata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Barleria capitata
Flora of Caprivi: Barleria capitata
Flora of Malawi: Barleria capitata
Flora of Mozambique: Barleria capitata
Flora of Zambia: Barleria capitata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Barleria capitata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Barleria capitata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Barleria capitata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Barleria capitata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Barleria capitata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Barleria capitata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Barleria capitata
Ispot Southern Africa : Barleria capitata
JSTOR Plant Science: Barleria capitata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Barleria capitata
Tropicos: Barleria capitata
West African Plants database: Barleria capitata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Barleria capitata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=153520, retrieved 4 December 2016

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