Crossandra spinescens Dunkley

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Crossandra spinescens

Photo: Francis Podmore
Above the Chorochoro River, Matusadona NP

Crossandra spinescens

Photo: Francis Podmore
Above the Chorochoro River, Matusadona NP

Crossandra spinescens

Photo: James Varden
Chewore Safari Area

Crossandra spinescens

Photo: James Varden
Chewore Safari Area

Crossandra spinescens

Photo: James Varden
Chewore Safari Area

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Woody perennial herb or small shrub to 1.5 m. Leaves entire, opposite. Inflorescences terminal. Bracts with spiny margins Flowers very striking; colour very variable, ranging from yellow or orange to red.
Notes: The late-flowering specimens are often more or less leafless.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: On rocky slopes, as a subshrub in mopane and other types of woodland and streamsides.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Mar - Jun (-Sep)
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 13.

Vollesen, K. (2013). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5) Page 98.


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Other sources of information about Crossandra spinescens:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Crossandra spinescens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crossandra spinescens
African Plant Database: Crossandra spinescens
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Crossandra spinescens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crossandra spinescens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crossandra spinescens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Crossandra spinescens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Crossandra spinescens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crossandra spinescens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Crossandra spinescens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crossandra spinescens
Ispot Southern Africa: Crossandra spinescens
JSTOR Plant Science: Crossandra spinescens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Crossandra spinescens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crossandra spinescens
The Plant List (version 1.1): Crossandra spinescens
Tropicos: Crossandra spinescens


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Crossandra spinescens.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=154000, retrieved 20 October 2017

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