Vangueria apiculata K. Schum.

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Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bridal Veil Falls, Chimanimani

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bridal Veil Falls, Chimanimani

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle Botanic Garden

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle Botanic Garden

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle Botanic Garden

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Swynnerton Memorial to main road, Chirinda Forest

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Swynnerton Memorial to main road, Chirinda Forest

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Vangueria longicalyx Robyns
Common names: Munzviru (Shona) Triangle-flowered wild-medlar (English)
Frequency: Frequent in the E Highlands; local elsewhere
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub, often with somewhat scandent long branches, or small tree. Bark greyish-brown to reddish-brown, smooth or finely ridged; young branches dark plum-coloured, lenticellate and hairless. Leaves opposite, elliptic-oblong, ovate to lanceolate, up to 17 cm long, distinctly acuminate at the apex, glossy green, mostly hairless but sometimes finely pubescent beneath; margin entire but wavy; petiole 0.5-1.5 cm long. Stipules joined at the base and a filiform tip, 3-9.5 mm long. Flowers in lax to dense untidy axillary heads, greenish-white, up to 1 cm in diameter with a conspicuous tuft of fine white hairs in the throat of the corolla. Fruit subglobose, sometimes asymmetric, 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, green to brown, hairless.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: apiculata: with a short sharp point (apiculate)
Habitat: In riverine thicket, evergreen forest, open woodland and montane grassland, often among rocks.
Altitude range: (metres) 950 - 2050 m
Flowering time:Nov - Feb
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Rwanda, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 9 November 2011
Literature:

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Pages 254 - 255.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 255.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1076.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 276.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 74.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 94.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 170.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 502 - 503. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Vangueria apiculata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Vangueria apiculata
Flora of Mozambique: Vangueria apiculata
Flora of Zambia: Vangueria apiculata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Vangueria apiculata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Vangueria apiculata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vangueria apiculata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vangueria apiculata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vangueria apiculata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Vangueria apiculata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vangueria apiculata
Ispot Southern Africa : Vangueria apiculata
JSTOR Plant Science: Vangueria apiculata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vangueria apiculata
Tropicos: Vangueria apiculata
West African Plants database: Vangueria apiculata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Vangueria apiculata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155700, retrieved 25 June 2016

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