Vangueria apiculata K. Schum.

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Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bridal Veil Falls, Chimanimani

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bridal Veil Falls, Chimanimani

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle Botanic Garden

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle Botanic Garden

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle Botanic Garden

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Swynnerton Memorial to main road, Chirinda Forest

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Swynnerton Memorial to main road, Chirinda Forest

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Vangueria longicalyx Robyns
Common names: Munzviru (Shona) Triangle-flowered wild-medlar (English)
Frequency: Frequent in the E Highlands; local elsewhere
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub, often with somewhat scandent long branches, or small tree. Bark greyish-brown to reddish-brown, smooth or finely ridged; young branches dark plum-coloured, lenticellate and hairless. Leaves opposite, elliptic-oblong, ovate to lanceolate, up to 17 cm long, distinctly acuminate at the apex, glossy green, mostly hairless but sometimes finely pubescent beneath; margin entire but wavy; petiole 0.5-1.5 cm long. Stipules joined at the base and a filiform tip, 3-9.5 mm long. Flowers in lax to dense untidy axillary heads, greenish-white, up to 1 cm in diameter with a conspicuous tuft of fine white hairs in the throat of the corolla. Fruit subglobose, sometimes asymmetric, 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, green to brown, hairless.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: apiculata: with a short sharp point (apiculate)
Habitat: In riverine thicket, evergreen forest, open woodland and montane grassland, often among rocks.
Altitude range: (metres) 950 - 2050 m
Flowering time:Nov - Feb
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Rwanda, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 9 November 2011
Literature:

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Pages 254 - 255.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1076.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 276.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 74.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 94.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 170.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 502 - 503. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Vangueria apiculata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Vangueria apiculata
Flora of Mozambique: Vangueria apiculata
Flora of Zambia: Vangueria apiculata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Vangueria apiculata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Vangueria apiculata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vangueria apiculata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vangueria apiculata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vangueria apiculata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Vangueria apiculata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vangueria apiculata
Ispot Southern Africa : Vangueria apiculata
JSTOR Plant Science: Vangueria apiculata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vangueria apiculata
Tropicos: Vangueria apiculata
West African Plants database: Vangueria apiculata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Vangueria apiculata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155700, retrieved 27 May 2016

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