Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae

Rubiaceae - Coffee family

Bridson, D.M. (1998) Rubiaceae, Part 2 FZ 5(2)

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003) Rubiaceae, Part 3 FZ 5(3)

Verdcourt, B. (1988) Rubiaceae, Part 1 FZ 5(1)

Description of the family

Trees, shrubs, annual or perennial herbs or climbers. Leaves simple, opposite or in whorls, entire.Stipules present, usually interpetiolar, less often intrapetiolar, entire or (in some herbaceous genera) with lobes or fimbriae. [Note that in the species of tribe Rubieae (the genera Galium, Rubia and Sherardia in Zimbabwe) the distinction between leaves and stipules breaks down and there are whorls of similar leaf-like objects.] Flowers usually bisexual, rarely unisexual (e.g. in some species of Anthospermum, Catunaregam and Canthium), actinomorphic. Calyx gamosepalous, (3-)4-5(-8)-lobed. Corolla gamopetalous, often with a long tube, (3-)4-5(-11)-lobed. Ovary inferior, of 2-5 or more carpels, usually 2. Fruit a capsule, berry or drupe.

Comment: A usually readily recognisable family, even in the vegetative state, from the combination of opposite (or whorled) entire leaves and interpetiolar stipules.

Worldwide: 630 genera and 10,200 species, cosmopolitan, but mainly tropical and warm areas.

Zimbabwe: 71 genera and 228 taxa.

Fadogia ancylantha

More sample images from the Rubiaceae (Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record)

Kohautia cynanchica

Kohautia cynanchica

Gardenia posoquerioides

Gardenia posoquerioides

Psydrax livida

Psydrax livida

Galopina circaeoides

Galopina circaeoides

Agathisanthemum bojeri

Agathisanthemum bojeri

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

GenusContent
Afrocanthium (Bridson) Lantz & B. Bremer
Agathisanthemum KlotzschDescription
Aidia Lour.Description, Image
Ancylanthos Desf.Description, Image
Anthospermum L.Description, Image
Breonadia RidsdaleDescription, Image
Bullockia (Bridson) Razafim., Lantz & B. Bremer
Canthium Lam.Description, Image
Carphalea Juss.Description, Image
Catunaregam WolfDescription, Image
Cephalanthus L.Description, Image
Chassalia Comm. ex Poir.Description
Chazaliella E.M.A. Petit & Verdc.Description, Image
Coddia Verdc.
Coffea L.Description, Image
Conostomium (Stapf) Cufod.Description, Image
Coptosperma Hook. f.Description
Craterispermum Benth.Description, Image
Cremaspora Benth.Description, Image
Crossopteryx FenzlDescription, Image
Didymosalpinx KeayDescription
Diodia L.Description, Image
Empogona Hook. f.
Fadogia Schweinf.Description, Image
Feretia DelileDescription, Image
Galium L.Description, Image
Galopina Thunb.Description, Image
Gardenia J. EllisDescription, Image
Geophila D. DonDescription, Image
Heinsenia K. Schum.Description, Image
Heinsia DC.Description, Image
Hymenodictyon Wall.Description, Image
Hyperacanthus E. Mey. ex Bridson
Ixora L.Image
Keetia E. PhillipsDescription, Image
Kohautia Cham. & Schltdl.Description, Image
Lagynias E. Mey. ex RobynsDescription, Image
Lasianthus JackDescription, Image
Leptactina Hook. f.Description, Image
Multidentia Gilli
Mussaenda L.Description, Image
Oldenlandia L.Description, Image
Otiophora Zucc.Description, Image
Otomeria Benth.Description
Oxyanthus DC.Description, Image
Pachystigma Hochst.Description, Image
Paederia L.Description, Image
Paraknoxia Bremek.Description
Pauridiantha Hook. f.Description, Image
Pavetta L.Description, Image
Pentanisia Harv.Description, Image
Pentas Benth.Description, Image
Pentodon Hochst.Description, Image
Polysphaeria Hook. f.Description, Image
Psychotria L.Description, Image
Psydrax Gaertn.Description, Image
Pygmaeothamnus RobynsDescription
Pyrostria Juss.Description, Image
Richardia L.Description, Image
Rothmannia Thunb.Description, Image
Rubia L.Description
Rutidea DC.Description, Image
Rytigynia BlumeDescription, Image
Sericanthe Robbr.Description, Image
Sherardia L.Description, Image
Spermacoce L.Description, Image
Tapiphyllum RobynsDescription, Image
Tarenna Gaertn.Description, Image
Tricalysia A. Rich. ex DC.Description, Image
Vangueria Comm. ex Juss.Description, Image
Vangueriopsis RobynsDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Rubiaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Rubiaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Rubiaceae | cultivated Rubiaceae
Flora of Zambia: Rubiaceae | cultivated Rubiaceae

External websites:

GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Rubiaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-14

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2014). Flora of Zimbabwe: Family page: Rubiaceae.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=198, retrieved 2 September 2014

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