Vangueriopsis lanciflora (Hiern) Robyns

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Vangueriopsis lanciflora

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, nr to carpark

Vangueriopsis lanciflora

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam

Vangueriopsis lanciflora

Photo: Rob Burrett
Domboshawa, Sacred forest

Vangueriopsis lanciflora

Photo: Mark Hyde
Mukuvisi Woodland

Vangueriopsis lanciflora

Photo: Rob Burrett
Silveira House, Chisawasha

Vangueriopsis lanciflora

Photo: Bart Wursten
Christon Bank

Vangueriopsis lanciflora

Photo: Bart Wursten
Christon Bank

Vangueriopsis lanciflora

Photo: Bart Wursten
Christon Bank

Vangueriopsis lanciflora

Photo: Bart Wursten
Christon Bank

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Canthium lanciflorum Hiern
Canthium platyphyllum Hiern
Vangueria lateritia Dinter
Common names: Amadumbutshenene (Ndebele) False wild medlar (English) Mutufu (Shona) Mutupfu (Shona) Umsomosomo (Ndebele) Umviyo (Ndebele)
Frequency: Generally common, but absent from the eastern and southern divisions.
Status: Native
Shrub or small deciduous tree with stiff branches. Bark grey, flaking to expose a brownish-pink or rusty-red underbark. Leaves opposite, oblong-elliptic, 5-22 cm long, discolorous, roughly pubescent above, densely grey or yellowish hairy beneath; petiole 5-15 mm long. Stipules triangular, thick, up to 9 mm long, joined as a sheath at the base, densely hairy. Inflorescences on the leafless nodes of older branches, often branched, densely yellowish velvety. Corolla whitish or yellow-green; lobes redlexed, linear-lanceolate, 20-25 mm long, hairy on the outside. Fruit 2-4 cm long, rounded, compressed, crowned by the calyx limb, sparsely pubescent.
Notes: The fruit are edible.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In sandy soils in woodland or wooded grassland, often on rocky outcrops.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1750 m
Flowering time:Aug - Sep
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and Angola.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 11 October 2015

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Pages 305 - 306. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1083. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 392 - 395. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 27.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 617.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 106.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 276.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 206 - 207. (Includes a picture).

Kamumvuri, G. (ed.) (2004). Plants of Zimbabwe Report No. 1 National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 24.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 75.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 94.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 99.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 119.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 224.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 274 - 275. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 322 - 323. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Vangueriopsis lanciflora:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Vangueriopsis lanciflora
Flora of Caprivi: Vangueriopsis lanciflora
Flora of Malawi: Vangueriopsis lanciflora
Flora of Mozambique: Vangueriopsis lanciflora
Flora of Zambia: Vangueriopsis lanciflora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vangueriopsis lanciflora
African Plant Database: Vangueriopsis lanciflora
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Vangueriopsis lanciflora
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vangueriopsis lanciflora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vangueriopsis lanciflora
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vangueriopsis lanciflora
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vangueriopsis lanciflora
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vangueriopsis lanciflora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Vangueriopsis lanciflora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vangueriopsis lanciflora
Ispot Southern Africa: Vangueriopsis lanciflora
JSTOR Plant Science: Vangueriopsis lanciflora
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vangueriopsis lanciflora
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vangueriopsis lanciflora
The Plant List (version 1.1): Vangueriopsis lanciflora
Tropicos: Vangueriopsis lanciflora

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Vangueriopsis lanciflora., retrieved 15 December 2017

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